Nitrogen-rich organic soils under warm well-drained conditions are global nitrous oxide emission hotspots

Abstract : Nitrous oxide (N 2 O) is a powerful greenhouse gas and the main driver of stratospheric ozone depletion. Since soils are the largest source of N 2 O, predicting soil response to changes in climate or land use is central to understanding and managing N 2 O. Here we find that N 2 O flux can be predicted by models incorporating soil nitrate concentration (NO 3 −), water content and temperature using a global field survey of N 2 O emissions and potential driving factors across a wide range of organic soils. N 2 O emissions increase with NO 3 − and follow a bell-shaped distribution with water content. Combining the two functions explains 72% of N 2 O emission from all organic soils. Above 5 mg NO 3 −-N kg −1 , either draining wet soils or irrigating well-drained soils increases N 2 O emission by orders of magnitude. As soil temperature together with NO 3 − explains 69% of N 2 O emission, tropical wetlands should be a priority for N 2 O management.
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Nature Communications, Nature Publishing Group, 2018, 9 (1), 8 p. 〈10.1038/s41467-018-03540-1〉
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Jaan Parn, Jos Verhoeven, Klaus Butterbach-Bahl, Nancy Dise, Sami Ullah, et al.. Nitrogen-rich organic soils under warm well-drained conditions are global nitrous oxide emission hotspots. Nature Communications, Nature Publishing Group, 2018, 9 (1), 8 p. 〈10.1038/s41467-018-03540-1〉. 〈insu-01759495〉

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