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Long term monitoring of rainwater harvesting tanks: is multi‐years management possible in crystalline South Indian aquifers?

Abstract : In semi-arid regions as in India, where agriculture relies on groundwater abstraction, increase of water resources availability through managed aquifer recharge (MAR) or rainwater harvesting (RWH) is often perceived as a major solution. Studies on these structures efficiency exists but despite the interest, limited information is available on the temporal variation of their replenishment. In a monsoon driven climate, the inter-annual variations are crucial to assess the potential of water storage and multi-year management especially for these structures. Here, we aim at developing a methodology to reconstruct water storage of RWH tanks to further improve our understanding on long term efficiency and multi-years drought management. To tackle this issue, long-term monitoring of a RWH tank located in Telangana in southern India is achieved by a combination of field monitoring over 2 years (tanks surface and water levels) and a daily water balance compared to LANDSAT measurements of the tank area. The procedure allows reconstructing the tank filling dynamic over a 14-years period at a daily time step and show the extreme variability of the tank filling level. During this period, the yearly maximum tank volume ranges from 8 650 to ~ 200 000 m 3. On the 14-years period, the tank reach its maximum capacity only once and, for 1/3 of the time, yearly maximum replenishment is below 15 % of its capacity. The surface water availability remains limited in time since the tank dries-up annually, except for 2 years. However, water percolation to the aquifer is slightly enhanced for some years. During this monitoring period, very few extreme raining events (6) contribute for more than 50 % of the collected volume. This observation highlights (1) the dependency of the structure to extreme storm events, (2) the limited capacity for a multiyear's management and (3) the farmers vulnerability to successive droughts.
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https://hal-brgm.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03845535
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Soumis le : mercredi 9 novembre 2022 - 15:40:12
Dernière modification le : mercredi 16 novembre 2022 - 11:46:08

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Hydrological Processes - 2022 ...
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Alexandre Boisson, D. Villesseche, Adrien Selles, M. Alazard, S. Chandra, et al.. Long term monitoring of rainwater harvesting tanks: is multi‐years management possible in crystalline South Indian aquifers?. Hydrological Processes, 2022, ⟨10.1002/hyp.14759⟩. ⟨hal-03845535⟩

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