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Assessing the contamination risk of five pesticides in a phreatic aquifer based on microcosm experiments and transport modelling at Sint-Jansteen (Zeeland, the Netherlands)

Abstract : Abstract The risk of five pesticides (atrazine, simazine, bentazone, mecoprop and MCPA) contaminating a Quaternary phreatic aquifer (the water supply area of Sint-Jansteen, the Netherlands) is assessed based on laboratory experiments and solute transport modelling (MODFLOW-MT3D). Batch experiments either show long half-lives (at least 1500 days) or no degradation at all for bentazone, atrazine and simazine while mecoprop and especially MCPA degrade much faster (half-lives down to 4.1 days). Column experiments show significant sorption to the aquifer sediment only for atrazine and simazine under certain circumstances. A series of experiments were conducted during which the type of the sediment, the grain size, the content of the organic matter and the acidity of the groundwater were varied. These experimental results were subsequently incorporated in a solute transport model for the aquifer resulting in the following ranking of the contamination risk for the selected pesticides (from low to high): MCPA, mecoprop, simazine, atrazine, bentazone. This ranking was confirmed by observed pesticide concentrations in samples taken from piezometers and extraction wells from the aquifer.
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Soumis le : jeudi 22 septembre 2022 - 16:35:03
Dernière modification le : jeudi 22 septembre 2022 - 16:38:17

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I. Gaus, K. Vande Casteele. Assessing the contamination risk of five pesticides in a phreatic aquifer based on microcosm experiments and transport modelling at Sint-Jansteen (Zeeland, the Netherlands). Geologie en Mijnbouw, Cambridge University Press (CUP), 2004, 83 (2), pp.101-112. ⟨10.1017/S0016774600020072⟩. ⟨hal-03784113⟩

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