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Bioaugmentation for the treatment of pesticides polluted soils: selection of carrier materials for microbial biofilm formation and inoculation in soil

Abstract : The use of pesticides in agriculture can lead to soil and groundwater contamination due to the migration of pesticides and their metabolites through soil. The addition of pesticide-degrading microorganisms to top soil, via a bioaugmentation process, is a green way to reduce pesticides contamination without soil excavation or chemicals addition. The efficiency of bioaugmentation approaches is closely linked to the viability and survival of the microorganisms once in soil. Inoculants viability into soil can be increased when inoculant are introduced as microbial biofilms grown on carrier materials. In the frame of BIOPEPS and EPURSOL projects, various carrier materials for biofilm development were tested for their ability to favor the growth and activity of pesticide (MCPA)degrading bacterial consortia. Various carrier materials (zeolite, pozzolana, oyster shell) as natural or modified (modification of surface properties) materials were put in contact with a selected microbial planktonic consortium capable of MCPA biodegradation. The biodiversity and MCPA biodegradation activity of the various biocomposites (biofilm + carrier material) were evaluated. T-RFLP and Highthroughput sequencing on the 16S rRNA genes suggested that modifying the surface of carrier material influenced bacterial diversity as well as MCPA degrading activity. Growth as biofilm allowed higher activity than growth as planktonic state. This suggests that taking into account the nature of the carrier material should improve the efficiency of bioaugmentation process for bioremediation purposes.
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https://hal-brgm.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03778412
Contributeur : Caroline MICHEL Connectez-vous pour contacter le contributeur
Soumis le : jeudi 15 septembre 2022 - 17:43:19
Dernière modification le : mercredi 23 novembre 2022 - 03:31:48

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  • HAL Id : hal-03778412, version 1

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Caroline Michel, Nataliia Gorodylova, Alain Seron, Karine Michel, Catherine Joulian, et al.. Bioaugmentation for the treatment of pesticides polluted soils: selection of carrier materials for microbial biofilm formation and inoculation in soil. 3rd International Conference on Microbial Ecotoxicology-EcotoxicoMic, Nov 2022, Montpellier, France. . ⟨hal-03778412⟩

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