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Mineralogy of Air-Pollution-Control Residues from a Secondary Lead Smelter: Environmental Implications

Abstract : The mineralogy and solubility of air-pollution-control (APC) residues from a secondary lead (Pb) smelter have been studied on samples from the Příbram smelter, Czech Republic, recycling car batteries, with the emphasis on their potential environmental effect. The presence of dominant anglesite (PbSO4) and laurionite (Pb(OH)Cl) was observed in a sintered residue from after-burning chambers (800−1000 °C). In contrast, low-temperature Pb-bearing phases, such as KCl·2PbCl2 and caracolite (Na3Pb2(SO4)3Cl), were detected in the major APC residue from bag-type fabric filters. Metallic elements, zinc (Zn), cadmium (Cd), and tin (Sn) were found homogeneously distributed within this residue. The formation of anglesite, cotunnite (PbCl2), (Zn,Cd)2SnO4, and (Sb,As)2O3 was observed during the sintering of this APC residue at 500 °C in a rotary furnace. The 168 h leaching test on filter residue, representing the fraction that may escape the flue gas treatment system, indicated rapid release of Pb and other contaminants. Caracolite and KCl·2PbCl2 are significantly dissolved, and anglesite and cotunnite form the alteration products, as was confirmed by mineralogical analysis and PHREEQC-2 modeling. The observed Pb-bearing chlorides have significantly higher solubility than anglesite and, following emission from the smelter stack, can readily dissolve, transferring Pb into the environmental milieu (soils, water, inhabited areas).
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Soumis le : jeudi 18 août 2022 - 16:35:18
Dernière modification le : vendredi 19 août 2022 - 03:26:02

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Vojtěch Ettler, Zdenek Johan, Alain Baronnet, Filip Jankovský, Christian Gilles, et al.. Mineralogy of Air-Pollution-Control Residues from a Secondary Lead Smelter: Environmental Implications. Environmental Science and Technology, American Chemical Society, 2005, 39 (23), pp.9309-9316. ⟨10.1021/es0509174⟩. ⟨hal-03753752⟩

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