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Article Dans Une Revue European Physical Journal E: Soft matter and biological physics Année : 2021

The Soret coefficients of the ternary system water/ethanol/triethylene glycol and its corresponding binary mixtures

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Résumé

Abstract Thermodiffusion in ternary mixtures is considered prototypic for the Soret effect of truly multicomponent systems. We discuss ground-based measurements of the Soret coefficient along the binary borders of the Gibbs triangle of the highly polar and hydrogen bonding ternary DCMIX3-system water/ethanol/triethylene glycol. All three Soret coefficients decay with increasing concentration, irrespective of the choice of the independent component, and show a characteristic sign change as a function of temperature and/or composition. With the exception of triethylene glycol/ethanol at high temperatures, the minority component always migrates toward the cold side. All three binaries exhibit temperature-independent fixed points of the Soret coefficient. The decay of the Soret coefficient with concentration can be related to negative excess volumes of mixing. The sign changes of the Soret coefficients of the binaries allow to draw far-reaching conclusions about the signs of the Soret coefficients of the corresponding ternary mixtures. In particular, we show that at least one ternary composition must exist, where all three Soret coefficients vanish simultaneously and no steady-state separation is observable. Graphic abstract
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Dates et versions

hal-03744621 , version 1 (03-08-2022)

Identifiants

Citer

M. Schraml, Henri Bataller, C. Bauer, M M Bou-Ali, Fabrizio Croccolo, et al.. The Soret coefficients of the ternary system water/ethanol/triethylene glycol and its corresponding binary mixtures. European Physical Journal E: Soft matter and biological physics, 2021, 44 (10), pp.128. ⟨10.1140/epje/s10189-021-00134-6⟩. ⟨hal-03744621⟩
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