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Communication dans un congrès

Community dynamics during adaptation and upscaling of a secondary polysulfidic ore bioleaching process

Abstract : Within European research project NEMO, a bioleaching strategy was developed for efficient metal extraction from secondary ore material currently heap-leached at Sotkamo by Terrafame (Finland) that still contains several sulfidic minerals and significant amounts of valuable metals (Ni, Zn, Co, Cu). A moderately thermophilic bioleaching consortium mainly composed of Acidithiomicrobium P2 and Sulfobacillus thermosulfidooxidans was adapted to the Sotkamo heap-leaching residue, grinded below 250 µm (d80), in batch 2-L stirred tank reactors, at pH 1.7 and 55°C. Community composition was followed by t-RFLP molecular fingerprinting at various operating conditions (solid concentration, pH, process scale-up). Progressive increase of solid concentration (5%, 10%, 15% and 20% (w/v)) allowed the adaptation to high solid content, with efficient metal dissolution. Community temporal evolution was remarkably reproducible at 10% and 15% solids, with Sb. thermosulfidooxidans dominant and Acidithiobacillus caldus as minor strain while Eh increased, and Acidithiomicrobium P2 dominant over Sb. thermosulfidooxidans during stationary phase. At 20% solids, Acidithiomicrobium P2 was detected earlier and its relative abundance increased with time. A pH lower than 1.5 was detrimental to Acidithiomicrobium P2 and favoured Sb. thermosulfidooxidans that showed a better tolerance to acidification; however, no impact on metal dissolution was observed. The process was scaled-up to a 114-L continuous pilot, consisting of four stirred-tank reactors in cascade and operated at 50°C and 20% solids (d80 < 430 µm), in which dissolved metals monitoring confirmed a high metal extraction rate. The two dominant strains remained main actors, especially in primary reactor R1 and in R2, but other strains such as At. caldus and Leptospirillum ferriphilum were found, possibly favoured by a lower temperature. Community differed in R3 and R4; L. ferriphilum or At. caldus became codominant probably due to observed pH fluctuations. Efficient bioleaching of Sotkamo ore was demonstrated, as well as the resiliency and robustness of the selected moderate thermophilic consortium, in all conditions tested at laboratory and pilot scales.
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Communication dans un congrès
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https://hal-brgm.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03717658
Contributeur : Catherine Joulian Connectez-vous pour contacter le contributeur
Soumis le : vendredi 8 juillet 2022 - 11:51:01
Dernière modification le : mardi 22 novembre 2022 - 11:03:25

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  • HAL Id : hal-03717658, version 1

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Catherine Joulian, Agathe Hubau, Douglas Pino Herrera, Anne-Gwenaëlle G Guezennec. Community dynamics during adaptation and upscaling of a secondary polysulfidic ore bioleaching process. 24th International Biohydrometallurgy Symposium (IBS), Nov 2022, Perth, Australia. ⟨hal-03717658⟩

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