Start-Up and Performance of a Full Scale Passive System In-Cluding Biofilters for the Treatment of Fe, as and Mn in a Neutral Mine Drainage - Archive ouverte HAL Accéder directement au contenu
Article Dans Une Revue Water Année : 2022

Start-Up and Performance of a Full Scale Passive System In-Cluding Biofilters for the Treatment of Fe, as and Mn in a Neutral Mine Drainage

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Résumé

Passive mine drainage treatment plants are the scene of many chemical and biological reactions. Here, the establishment of iron (Fe), arsenic (As), and manganese (Mn) removal was monitored immediately after the commissioning of the Lopérec (Brittany, France) passive water treatment plant, composed of aeration cascades and settling ponds followed by pozzolana biofilters. Iron and As were almost completely removed immediately after commissioning, while Mn removal took more than 28 days to reach its maximum performance. Investigations were performed during two periods presenting strong variations in feeding flow-rates: from 2.8 m3.h−1 to 8.6 m3.h−1 and from 13.2 m3.h−1 to 31.3 m3.h−1. Design flow rate was reached during the first week of the second period. Dissolved Fe and As were not affected by the decrease in residence time while Mn was only slightly affected. Microbial communities in biofilter presented similarities with those of the pond sludge, and genera including Mn-oxidizing species were detected. Proportion of bacteria carrying the aioA gene encoding for As(III)-oxidase enzyme increased in communities during the second period. Results suggest Mn removal is mainly associated with bio-oxidation whereas removal of Fe and As could be mainly attributed to chemical oxidation and precipitation of Fe, possibly helped by As(III) bio-oxidation.
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hal-03712110 , version 1 (02-07-2022)

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Jérome Jacob, Catherine Joulian, Fabienne Battaglia-Brunet. Start-Up and Performance of a Full Scale Passive System In-Cluding Biofilters for the Treatment of Fe, as and Mn in a Neutral Mine Drainage. Water, 2022, 14 (12), pp.1963. ⟨10.3390/w14121963⟩. ⟨hal-03712110⟩

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