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Storing CO2 underneath the Siberian Permafrost: A win-win solution for long-term trapping of CO2 and heavy oil upgrading

Abstract : A two-year project entitled “Assessment of the Feasibility of CO 2 Storage in the Russian Permafrost” was carried out in Russia in collaboration with the Siberian branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences. This project delivers new conclusions about the safety role of the permafrost and specific conditions of storage in an area of abnormal geothermal gradient in Western Siberia. One of the specific issues of the project was the potential formation of carbon dioxide hydrates from the injected CO 2 and the possible reaction between the existing methane hydrates and the injected CO 2 . Maps have been constructed showing the areas of CO 2 hydrate stability. A second specific issue was the compatibility of CO 2 storage in the permafrost with oil production. Pilot tests of EOR technologies, involving either the injection of CO 2 or the generation of CO 2 in situ, proved very efficiency for high-viscosity oil pools. Therefore, we propose to inject CO 2 in West Siberia into high-viscosity oil fields. High-viscosity oil fields are mainly located in the centre of the Western Siberian Basin in Khanty-Mansijsk autonomous okrug (KMAO). An alternative or complementary solution is storage in aquifers. Deep aquifers, such as the Pokur formation overlain could also be storage targets, but their potential is unknown because they have not been explored in detail. The inventory of major CO 2 sources in Western Siberia has shown that the major CO 2 emission in the power sector comes from the KMAO, where power stations in Surgut and Nizhnevartovsk are large CO 2 sources. GIS mapping of the permafrost depth and thickness, and the associated stability domain of the CO 2 hydrates, has shown that a good overlap could exist between these industrial areas and the stability domain of the gas hydrates, underneath the permafrost. Storage beneath the permafrost as CO 2 hydrate is not suitable due to the probable rapid plugging of the porosity by solid gas hydrates. But, the CO 2 should be stored at supercritical state in the hydrocarbon fields, with added value of heavy oil upgrading, and trapped underneath a classical cap rock. In addition, the permafrost would act as a secondary cap-rock by trapping the CO 2 as hydrates if the primary caprock should fail.
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https://hal-brgm.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03652201
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Soumis le : mardi 26 avril 2022 - 13:18:33
Dernière modification le : mardi 26 avril 2022 - 15:27:39

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Yves-Michel Le Nindre, Delphine Allier, Albert Duchkov, Liubov Altunina, Stepan Shvartsev, et al.. Storing CO2 underneath the Siberian Permafrost: A win-win solution for long-term trapping of CO2 and heavy oil upgrading. Energy Procedia, Elsevier, 2011, 4, pp.5414-5421. ⟨10.1016/j.egypro.2011.02.526⟩. ⟨hal-03652201⟩

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