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Article Dans Une Revue Extremophiles Année : 2007

Desulfomicrobium thermophilum sp. nov., a novel thermophilic sulphate-reducing bacterium isolated from a terrestrial hot spring in Colombia

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Résumé

A moderately thermophilic, sulphate-reducing bacterium, designated strain P6-2T, was isolated from a terrestrial hot spring located at a height of 2,500 m in the Andean region, Colombia (5°43′69″N, 73°6′10″W). Cells of strain P6-2T were rod-shaped, stained Gram-negative and were motile by means of a single polar flagellum. The strain grew lithotrophically with H2 as the electron donor and organotrophically on lactate, pyruvate, ethanol, malate, fumarate, n-propanol and succinate in the presence of sulphate as the terminal electron acceptor. Fumarate and pyruvate was fermented. Strain P6-2T grew optimally at 55°C (range 37–60°C), pH 6.6 (range 5.8–8.8) in the presence of 0.5% NaCl (range 0–4.5%) with lactate and sulphate and produced acetate, CO2 and H2S as the major end-products. Sulphate, sulphite and thiosulphate could be used as electron acceptors but not elemental sulphur or nitrate. The G + C content of the genomic DNA was 58.7 mol%. The 16S rRNA sequence analysis indicated that strain P6-2T was a member of the class Deltaproteobacteria, domain Bacteria with Desulfomicrobium baculatum being the closest relative (similarity value of 94%). Phylogeny of genes encoding α- and β-subunits of the dissimilatory sulphite reductase (dsrAB genes) supported its affiliation to members of the genus Desulfomicrobium. On the basis of this evidence, we propose to assign strain P6-2T as new species of the genus Desulfomicrobium, D. thermophilum sp. nov., with strain P6-2T as the type strain (= DSM 16697T = CCUG 49732T).
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Dates et versions

hal-03647016 , version 1 (20-04-2022)

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France Thevenieau, Marie-Laure Fardeau, Bernard Ollivier, Catherine Joulian, Sandra Baena. Desulfomicrobium thermophilum sp. nov., a novel thermophilic sulphate-reducing bacterium isolated from a terrestrial hot spring in Colombia. Extremophiles, 2007, 11 (2), pp.295-303. ⟨10.1007/s00792-006-0039-9⟩. ⟨hal-03647016⟩

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