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Communication dans un congrès

An improved thermodynamic model based on Pitzer’s equations to describe the chemical behaviour of complex chloride-type brines up to salt solubility and elevated temperatures, for geothermal and economic geology applications

Abstract : The context of global warming has changed our perception of the Earth’s subsurface, which is now seen as a source of renewable energy and of valuable elements contained in geothermal waters, as well as a vast geological reservoir for storing energy vectors or gases. Therefore, the description of the chemical processes occurring in deep and hot geological environments has recently gained renewed interest and contributes to the understanding of geological phenomena, including ore forming processes and the set-up of dehydrate formation layers1. Deep waters are most often salty and hot, which makes the description of their chemical behaviour a challenge. The present contribution focuses on developing a new thermodynamic model for the H-Li-Na-K-Ca-Mg-Cl-H2O chemical system, from dilute solutions up to salt solubility, and for temperatures up to 250°C. This model relies on the Helgeson-Kirkham-Flowers (HKF) and the Pitzer equations, and considers the partial dissociation of the CaCl2 electrolyte. It has been implemented in the PhreeSCALE2 geochemical calculation software to compute properties such as osmotic coefficient (Figure), heat capacity, enthalpy and density of chloride-bearing multi-electrolyte solutions in conditions relevant for the production of geothermal energy. The model is also able to predict the formation of highly soluble salts like tachyhydrite [CaCl2·2MgCl2·12H2O], observed in giant salts deposits, below the deep ocean’s crust, in the passive margin of the Atlantic Ocean. Recent works suggest that the formation of such salts may be related to the serpentinization process of the primary mantle peridotite that consumes important amounts of pore water and leads to extremely concentrated brines in hot environments. These encouraging results suggest that the model should be further extended and used for other applications, like the transport of dissolved metals from deep hot fluids to areas where metals in solution will be extracted from these fluids, and concentrated to make ore bodies. This study was done in the framework of the REFLECT Project, funded by the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme (grant agreement No 850626).
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https://hal-brgm.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03474651
Contributeur : Laurent Andre Connectez-vous pour contacter le contributeur
Soumis le : vendredi 10 décembre 2021 - 12:16:07
Dernière modification le : dimanche 26 juin 2022 - 10:13:45

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Arnault Lassin, Mathieu Debure, Johann Tuduri, Laurent Andre. An improved thermodynamic model based on Pitzer’s equations to describe the chemical behaviour of complex chloride-type brines up to salt solubility and elevated temperatures, for geothermal and economic geology applications. Goldschmidt Virtual 2021, Jul 2021, Virtual, France. ⟨10.7185/gold2021.4642⟩. ⟨hal-03474651⟩

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