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Selenium speciation in acidic environmental samples: Application to acid rain–soil interaction at Mount Etna volcano

Abstract : Speciation plays a crucial role in elemental mobility. However, trace level selenium (Se) speciation analyses in aqueous samples from acidic environments are hampered due to adsorption of the analytes (i.e. selenate, selenite) on precipitates. Such solid phases can form during pH adaptation up till now necessary for chromatographic separation. Thermodynamic calculations in this study predicted that a pH < 4 is needed to prevent precipitation of Al and Fe phases. Therefore, a speciation method with a low pH eluent that matches the natural sample pH of acid rain–soil interaction samples from Etna volcano was developed. With a mobile phase containing 20 mM ammonium citrate at pH 3, selenate and selenite could be separated in different acidic media (spiked water, rain, soil leachates) in <10 min with a LOQ of 0.2 μg L−1 using 78Se for detection. Applying this speciation analysis to study acid rain–soil interaction using synthetic rain based on H2SO4 and soil samples collected at the flanks of Etna volcano demonstrated the dominance of selenate over selenite in leachates from samples collected close to the volcanic craters. This suggests that competitive behavior with sulfate present in acid rain might be a key factor in Se mobilization. The developed speciation method can significantly contribute to understand Se cycling in acidic, Al/Fe rich environments.
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https://hal-brgm.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03101735
Contributeur : Myriam Chergui <>
Soumis le : jeudi 7 janvier 2021 - 11:44:07
Dernière modification le : vendredi 5 février 2021 - 03:48:51

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Geerke H. Floor, Monica Iglesias, Gabriela Roman-Ross, Philippe F.-X. Corvini, Markus Lenz. Selenium speciation in acidic environmental samples: Application to acid rain–soil interaction at Mount Etna volcano. Chemosphere, Elsevier, 2011, 84 (11), pp.1664-1670. ⟨10.1016/j.chemosphere.2011.05.006⟩. ⟨hal-03101735⟩

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