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Journal Articles Advances in Water Resources Year : 2020

Direct numerical simulation of trapped-phase recirculation at low capillary number


Understanding multiphase flow in porous media, especially how velocity is distributed at the pore-scale, has been the aim of several studies. However, these studies address the recirculation behavior inside the trapped phase experimentally without any comprehensive numerical study of the impact of different governing mechanisms related to the fluid configurations and properties, including drag force and capillary number analysis at low capillary number regime. In this study, we analyzed the recirculation phenomenon inside the trapped phase for various displacement mechanisms, fluid configurations, and dynamic properties. To simulate the pore-scale displacement at low capillary number, we used a filtered surface-force formulation of volume of fluid method, which was implemented in a separately available solver for OpenFoam package. The results showed that within the ranges of capillary number of invading phase analyzed in this study (in the order of 1×10-7 to 1×10-2), the recirculation phenomenon exists in trapped phases. During the imbibition mechanism, two stagnant regions are created adjacent to the fluid-fluid interface inside the invading fluid. Drag-force analysis on fluid-fluid interfaces shows that during imbibition the maximum force is exerted near the center of the interface, whereas during drainage more force is applied on two elongated interface tails on a solid surface. The centroids are elongated parallel to the interface during drainage and perpendicularly during imbibition, which is in concordance with drag-force distribution along
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hal-03005278 , version 1 (17-11-2020)



Amir Hossein Mohammadi Alamooti, A H Mohammadi Alamooti, Qumars Azizi, Hossein Davarzani. Direct numerical simulation of trapped-phase recirculation at low capillary number. Advances in Water Resources, 2020, 145, pp.103717. ⟨10.1016/j.advwatres.2020.103717⟩. ⟨hal-03005278⟩


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