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pXRF Measurements on Soil Samples for the Exploration of an Antimony Deposit: Example from the Vendean Antimony District (France)

Abstract : Mineral exploration is increasingly challenging in inhabited areas. To evaluate the potential of soil analysis by pXRF (portable X-ray fluorescence) as a low-footprint exploration technique, we revisited a historic Sb district in an agricultural area and performed shallow-soil sampling (Ah and B horizons) along profiles across known veins to capture the endogenic geochemical anomaly signals. Despite an expected bias between pXRF measurements and laboratory analyses, the former effectively located the Sb veins, especially when using their multi-element capabilities. Composition data processing (CoDa) and horizon-selective sampling significantly improved the method's efficiency. On-site measurements allow dynamic sampling and mapping, helping with faster, cost-effective sample selection for further laboratory investigations. Based on this case study, where similar geochemical patterns were obtained for both horizons, application of an on-site approach to a humic horizon can increase survey efficiency and decrease impacts.
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https://hal-brgm.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-02919892
Contributeur : Bruno Lemiere <>
Soumis le : lundi 24 août 2020 - 11:12:35
Dernière modification le : samedi 19 septembre 2020 - 04:56:25

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Bruno Lemiere, Jérémie Melleton, Pascal Auger, Virginie Derycke, Eric Gloaguen, et al.. pXRF Measurements on Soil Samples for the Exploration of an Antimony Deposit: Example from the Vendean Antimony District (France). Minerals, MDPI, 2020, ⟨10.3390/min10080724⟩. ⟨hal-02919892⟩

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