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Protracted and complex fluid histories the norm in orogenic-type gold deposits as revealed by LA ICP-MS sulfide mapping

Abstract : Protracted and complex fluid histories the norm in orogenic-type gold deposits as revealed by LA ICP-MS sulfide mapping Kontak, Daniel dkontak@laurentian.ca, Harquail School of Earth Sciences, Sudbury, ON P3E2C6 Hydrothermal ore deposits are the culmination of many processes, commencing with generation of fluids, metal transport and mineral precipitation. This process can involve mixing of fluids, in addition to metals sourced from different reservoirs. The convention of inferring elemental enrichment and associations using bulk methods is limited with such data, although ore petrology provides insight into elemental paragenesis. The advent of in situ LA-ICP-MS analysis provides the means to readily analyse many elements at various detection limits wt. % to ppb) and apply spatial resolution (10s μm) in a way not possible previously. Application of this procedure to pyrite and arsenopyrite has increased in recent years and with it the realization of a complex chemistry in ore systems. Here LA-ICP-MS data from a wide variety of orogenic-type gold settings is used to illustrate the power of the method and assess generalizations in regards to deposit formation based on: 1) elemental mapping; 2) generating an elemental paragenesis for the mapped sulfides; 3) conversion of the data to time slice domains (TSD) or semi-quantitative concentrations which provides 10s of thousands of analyses in small domains to assess elemental trends and processes; and 4) statistical treatment of such data. Application of the latter protocol to deposit samples reveals a general paragenesis of: 1) early enrichment of Co, Ni, As ± Au, Ag, Cu, Te, In, Sb, Se, Mo; 2) later overgrowths or fracture controlled Bi, Sb, Te, Pb, Zn, Au, Ag; and 3) a late Ti, Mo and W stage. Relevant to Au are: 1) its increase through the paragenesis from 10s to 100s ppm; 2) late occurrence as VG with lower Au:Ag ratios; and 3) variable elemental associations. These data indicate a protracted elemental paragenesis, remobilization of early Au by later fluids, and coupled dissolution-precipitation reactions as important processes in these deposits.
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https://hal-brgm.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-02284231
Contributeur : Blandine Gourcerol <>
Soumis le : mercredi 11 septembre 2019 - 15:40:39
Dernière modification le : lundi 11 mai 2020 - 09:42:03
Archivage à long terme le : : samedi 8 février 2020 - 00:28:24

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LAM gold_jan 2018_finals.pdf
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  • HAL Id : hal-02284231, version 1

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Daniel Kontak, Jacob.J. Hanley, Blandine Gourcerol, Joseph Petrus, Kelly Malcom, et al.. Protracted and complex fluid histories the norm in orogenic-type gold deposits as revealed by LA ICP-MS sulfide mapping. RFG 2018 - Resources for Future Generations, Jun 2018, Vancouver, Canada. ⟨hal-02284231⟩

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