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Communication Dans Un Congrès Année : 2019

Role of man-made construction and works on karst sinkhole occurrence

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Résumé

Subterranean karst constitutes a natural hazard for infrastructures and people. Human activities can accelerate natural processes, for example as they concentrate water infiltration into the ground. The French Geological Survey has analyzed the role of man-made constructions on karstic ground movements (limestone, chalk, gypsum). This study includes a literature review, specific experts interviews (other surveys, engineering consulting company, land-use planning public authorities, etc.), and numerical modelling of water saturation under constructions. This collected information confirms the role of water impoundment structures, leakages from underground pipes or ditches and dry wells, as aggravating or triggering factors of instabilities. In France, the impact of water table decline (due for example to intensive pumping) is currently not observed although 1) it existed in some areas during industrial periods (Paris area during 1980's) and 2) it is well documented abroad, for example in Florida and China. In France, the most prone context for ground movements is the covered karst: soil particles, with low cohesion, are downwashed by the ground water flow into the karstic voids and evacuated by karstic flow. The speed of such processes is highly variable and seems actually difficult to evaluate. Numerical modelling of water infiltration concentrated under two kinds of structure (basin and pipes leakage) provides some key information to evaluate the time needed before downwashing can start to operate (saturated ground). As a conclusion, the study proposes technical solutions to mitigate these specific and damaging ground movements.
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Dates et versions

hal-02073702 , version 1 (20-03-2019)

Identifiants

  • HAL Id : hal-02073702 , version 1

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Jérôme Perrin, Gildas Noury, Emmanuelle Rzycka. Role of man-made construction and works on karst sinkhole occurrence. EGU General Assembly 2019, Apr 2019, Vienne, Austria. ⟨hal-02073702⟩

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