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Role of multiscale heterogeneity in fault slip from quasi-static numerical simulations

Abstract : Quasi-static numerical simulations of slip along a fault interface characterized by multiscale heterogeneity (fractal patch model) are carried out under the assumption that the characteristic distance in the slip-dependent frictional law is scale-dependent. We also consider slip-dependent stress accumulation on patches prior to the weakening process. When two patches of different size are superposed, the slip rate of the smaller patch is reduced when the stress is increased on the surrounding large patch. In the case of many patches over a range of scales, the slip rate on the smaller patches becomes significant in terms of both its amplitude and frequency. Peaks in slip rate are controlled by the surrounding larger patches, which may also be responsible for the segmentation of slip sequences. The use of an explicit slip-strengthening-then-weakening frictional behavior highlights that the strengthening process behind small patches weakens their interaction and reduces the peaks in slip rate, while the slip deficit continues to accumulate in the background. Therefore, it may be possible to image the progress of slip deficit at larger scales if the changes in slip activity on small patches are detectable.
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Contributeur : Myriam Chergui <>
Soumis le : jeudi 26 juillet 2018 - 15:25:58
Dernière modification le : mardi 22 septembre 2020 - 03:51:20

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Hideo Aochi, Satoshi Ide. Role of multiscale heterogeneity in fault slip from quasi-static numerical simulations. Earth Planets and Space, Springer/Terra Scientific Publishing Company, 2017, 69 (1), ⟨10.1186/s40623-017-0676-5⟩. ⟨hal-01849872⟩

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