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Article Dans Une Revue La Houille Blanche - Revue internationale de l'eau Année : 2017

Increase of erosion source contributions to rivers and lakes (1950-2010): the case of the Louroux Pond (Central France)

Accroissement de la contribution des sources d'érosion aux rivières et plans d'eau (1950-2010) : le cas du Louroux (Indre-et-Loire, France)

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Anthony Foucher
Louis Manière
Thomas Grangeon Grangeon
Marc Desmet
  • Fonction : Auteur
  • PersonId : 938023

Résumé

Soil erosion is recognized as one of the main processes triggering the physical and chemical degradation of water bodies. Although erosive dynamics have been widely described in morphogenic areas, much less is known about this process in lowland agricultural catchments. To address this issue, a multidisciplinary study was carried out at the scale of a small agricultural lowland catchment (Louroux catchment, France, 25 km (2)) to reconstruct the evolution of the soil erosion rates and sources, from the hillslopes to the deposition areas in the water bodies. This study's goal is specifically to understand the impact of changes in land use and agricultural practices after 1950 (field re-design, ditch creation, drainage) on sediment dynamics For this purpose, sediment cores were collected in a medieval pond (870AD) located at the outlet of the catchment. These cores have been dated and used to reconstruct the temporal variations in sediment fluxes over time (from 1954 to 2013). In addition, sediment sources were identified using fallout radionuclide measurements (cesium-137 and beryllium7 / excess lead-210 ratios). These results will contribute to the implementation of effective management measures to reduce the transfer of sediments from the hillslopes to the hydrosystems.
14 15 L'érosion des sols est reconnue comme étant l'un des principaux processus à l'origine de la dégradation physico-16 chimique des masses d'eau. Les phénomènes érosifs, largement décrits en contexte morphogène, restent pourtant 17 peu étudiés en contexte de plaine. 18 Pour combler ce manque, une étude pluridisciplinaire a été menée à l'échelle d'un petit bassin versant (25 km²) 19 de plaine agricole drainée pour reconstruire l'évolution des taux et des sources d'érosion, depuis les zones 20 d'accumulation de matière jusqu'aux zones sources. Cette étude vise ainsi à comprendre l'impact des 21 aménagements intervenus dans le bassin après 1950 (remembrements, création de fossés, drainage) sur la 22 dynamique sédimentaire actuelle et passée. 23 À cette fin, des carottages ont été réalisés dans un étang médiéval (870AD) localisé à l'exutoire du bassin versant 24 du Louroux (France). Les carottes ont été datées et ont permis de reconstruire les variations temporelles du flux 25 sédimentaire (de 1954 à 2013), mais aussi de les associer avec les changements d'usage des sols. Par ailleurs, les 26 sources de sédiments ont été identifiées à partir de mesures de radionucléides (césium 137 et rapport béryllium 27 7/plomb 210 en excès). Ces résultats vont permettre de guider la mise en place d'aménagements pour lutter contre 28 le départ de matière sur les versants. 29 MOTS CLEFS : érosion, sédiment, colmatage, archive sédimentaire, traçage 30 31 Increase of erosion source contributions to rivers and lakes (1950-2010): 32 the case of the Louroux Pond (Central France) 33 Soil erosion is recognized as one of the main processes triggering the physical and chemical degradation of water 34 bodies. Although erosive dynamics have been widely described in morphogenic areas, much less is known about 35 this process in lowland agricultural catchments. 36 To address this issue, a multidisciplinary study was carried out at the scale of a small agricultural lowland 37 catchment (Louroux catchment, France, 25 km²) to reconstruct the evolution of the soil erosion rates and sources, 38 from the hillslopes to the deposition areas in the water bodies. This study's goal is specifically to understand the 39 impact of changes in land use and agricultural practices after 1950 (field redesign , ditch creation, drainage) on 40 sediment dynamics 41 For this purpose, sediment cores were collected in a medieval pond (870AD) located at the outlet of the 42 catchment. These cores have been dated and used to reconstruct the temporal variations in sediment fluxes over 43 time (from 1954 to 2013). In addition, sediment sources were identified using fallout radionuclide measurements 44 (cesium-137 and beryllium7 / excess lead-210 ratios). These results will contribute to the implementation of 45 effective management measures to reduce the transfer of sediments from the hillslopes to the hydrosystems. 46 KEY WORDS: erosion, sediment, siltation, lake deposits, sediment fingerprinting 47 48 49
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Dates et versions

hal-01849452 , version 1 (15-05-2020)

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Citer

Anthony Foucher, Marion Le Gall, Sébastien Salvador-Blanes, O. Evrard, Olivier Cerdan, et al.. Increase of erosion source contributions to rivers and lakes (1950-2010): the case of the Louroux Pond (Central France). La Houille Blanche - Revue internationale de l'eau, 2017, 6, pp.11 - 18. ⟨10.1051/lhb/2017051⟩. ⟨hal-01849452⟩
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