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Microbial Sulfate Reduction Enhances Arsenic Mobility Downstream of Zerovalent-Iron-Based Permeable Reactive Barrier

Abstract : We assessed the potential of zerovalent-iron- (Fe0) based permeable reactive barrier (PRB) systems for arsenic (As) remediation in the presence or absence of microbial sulfate reduction. We conducted long-term (200 day) flow-through column experiments to investigate the mechanisms of As transformation and mobility in aquifer sediment (in particular, the PRB downstream linkage). Changes in As speciation in the aqueous phase were monitored continuously. Speciation in the solid phase was determined at the end of the experiment using X-ray absorption near-edge structure (XANES) spectroscopy analysis. We identified thio-As species in solution and AsS in solid phase, which suggests that the AsV was reduced to AsIII and precipitated as AsS under sulfate-reducing conditions and remained as AsV under abiotic conditions, even with low redox potential and high FeII content (4.5 mM). Our results suggest that the microbial sulfate reduction plays a key role in the mobilization of As from Fe-rich aquifer sediment under anoxic conditions. Furthermore, they illustrate that the upstream–downstream linkage of PRB affects the speciation and mobility of As in downstream aquifer sediment, where up to 47% of total As initially present in the sediment was leached out in the form of mobile thio-As species.
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https://hal-brgm.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01690729
Contributeur : Anne-Marie Pouget <>
Soumis le : mardi 23 janvier 2018 - 12:38:49
Dernière modification le : samedi 19 septembre 2020 - 04:36:56

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Naresh Kumar, Raoul-Marie Couture, Romain Millot, Fabienne Battaglia-Brunet, Jérôme Rose. Microbial Sulfate Reduction Enhances Arsenic Mobility Downstream of Zerovalent-Iron-Based Permeable Reactive Barrier. Environmental Science & Technology, American Chemical Society, 2016, 50 (14), pp.7610 - 7617. ⟨10.1021/acs.est.6b00128⟩. ⟨hal-01690729⟩

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