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Determination of spectra characteristics of laterite drill-core for "on line-on site" real-time automated mineralogy detection.

Abstract : Within the framework of responsible mining, a SOLSA project ( to develop an in-situ tool allowing a quick mineralogical identification of site drill cores has been recently launched. Its objective is to develop new or improved highly-efficient and cost-effective, sustainable exploration technologies. It combines and integrates non-destructive sensors: X-ray fluorescence, X-ray diffraction, infra-red and Raman spectroscopy and 3D imaging. The challenge is to address mixtures of hard and soft rocks, as encountered in a lateritic environment. This paper focuses on the determination of spectral characteristics of laterite drill-cores in the visible to short wave infrared spectral range. One of the most important prerequisites is to study the influence of the surface roughness effect on infra-red spectroscopy analyses. For this purpose, four different rock samples: breccia, sandstones, granite and peridotite, each at five surface states have been considered: as-drilled, as-sawn, polished at 6 µm, polished at 0.25 µm and crushed to powder. The reflectance spectra have been acquired with an ASD Fieldspec 3® spectroradiometer with a contact probe at a sampling surface of 1.76 cm 2 , allowing a spectral analysis at wavelengths from 350 up to 2500 nm. The powder spectrum of breccia presents a higher reflectance than the four other spectra from the same material but weak absorption features. The as-sawn sample presents the higher absorption depth, followed by as-drilled sample and the two polished samples (figure 1). At wavelength 2219 nanometers, a peak of absorption is present. The presence of clay minerals is assumed like illite/sericite with more or less smectite, due to the relatively deep water absorption around wavelength 1900 nanometers. Figure 1: Spectra of Breccia Breccia as-drilled Breccia as-sawn Breccia polished 6 µm Breccia polished 0.25 µm Breccia powder
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Contributeur : Laure Capar Connectez-vous pour contacter le contributeur
Soumis le : jeudi 18 mai 2017 - 16:59:03
Dernière modification le : mardi 18 octobre 2022 - 03:31:38


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Laure Capar, Anne Bourguignon, Cédric Duée, Xavier Bourrat, Stéphane Chevrel, et al.. Determination of spectra characteristics of laterite drill-core for "on line-on site" real-time automated mineralogy detection. . IGARS 2017, Jul 2017, Fort Worth, United States. ⟨10.1109/IGARSS.2017.8127997⟩. ⟨hal-01524717⟩



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