Oxidation kinetics of tailings from the Callovo-Oxfordian argillites: flow-through experiments and modelling at the reactor scale

Abstract : The building of high level waste repository in deep clay formation will lead to large volumes of excavated rocks that will have to be disposed at the surface, where rock samples will be subject to weathering. The impact of these excavated rocks on the surrounding environment must be studied, in particular the eventuality of acid drainage occurrence because of the presence of pyrite in clay rocks. In addition, tailings are envisaged as sealing/backfill material of galleries. The quantitative evaluation of clay rocks transformations during weathering in the presence of atmosphere conditions is thus necessary to study the feasibility of this technical option. Large volumes of excavated Callovo-Oxfordian argillites (COx) have been produced during the construction of the Andra's underground laboratory at Bure, and have been stored on site, at the surface. These weathered samples can thus be studied for the objectives stated above. This study aimed to quantify the chemical effect of rainwater on weathered COx samples in order to obtain a set of kinetic data that are representative of COx clay rock reactivity in the presence of water equilibrated with O 2 and CO 2 at atmospheric partial pressures. Studied material was sampling on the first twenty centimeters of the upper part of 3 years old COx tailings. Flow-through experiments were carried out where outlet-solution chemistry was monitored over time (Fig. 1). Clay suspensions were submitted to aqueous oxidation at various liquid/solid mass ratios (ranging from 8 to 24). Reacting materials was examined prior and after experiments in order to follow mineralogical transformations (XRD, SEM, magnetic measurements). A reactive transport model was then applied to reproduce the data, using PHREEQC3 (Parkhurst and Appelo, 2013), the THERMOCHIMIE database (Giffaut et al., 2014) and reaction kinetic rates published by Marty et al. (2015). Only minor adjustment of reactive surface areas was done to fit outlet concentrations. Following oxidation of the samples, pyrite oxidized and iron oxide-hydroxides mineral precipitated. Reactive transport model captured well the pyrite oxidation kinetics as shown by the good agreement between modeled and measured sulphate concentrations as a function of time (Fig. 1). Pyrite oxidation is responsible for the acidification of water, but flow through experiment data and modeling evinced that this acidification was counterbalanced very efficiently by the reactivity of the carbonate system in our experimental conditions (Fig. 2). Slightly basic pH were obtained due to calcite alteration leaded to the continuously renewing of the reacting solution (i.e. injection of pure water equilibrated under atmospheric condition). The concentrations of other elements in solution as a function of time were also very well reproduced by the model, with the exception of Si, for which only a qualitative agreement could be obtained. These results indicate that the main processes of clay rock reactivity were correctly identified in our experimental conditions. Due to the high carbonates content inside the COx clay-rock (calcite and dolomite ~ 25 % wt.), acid drainage is clearly unlikely. Selected kinetic data would be applicable to the large-scale modelling dealing with the oxidation of COx tailings.
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Clay Conference 2017, Sep 2017, Davos, Switzerland
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Soumis le : mercredi 17 mai 2017 - 11:32:49
Dernière modification le : jeudi 11 janvier 2018 - 06:24:25


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  • HAL Id : hal-01523940, version 1



Nicolas Marty, Adeline Lach, Francis Claret, Christophe Tournassat, Benoît Madé, et al.. Oxidation kinetics of tailings from the Callovo-Oxfordian argillites: flow-through experiments and modelling at the reactor scale. Clay Conference 2017, Sep 2017, Davos, Switzerland. 〈hal-01523940〉



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