Reducing Gaseous Emissions and Resource Consumption Embodied in French Final Demand: How Much Can Waste Policies Contribute?

Abstract : This study investigates the benefits of waste management policies on gaseous emissions and resource consumption caused by the final demand, in the specific case of France and in a context of economic growth. Waste input-output analysis is implemented to compare three scenarios, depicting and combining the upward trend of final demand from 2008 to 2020, the increase in recycling rates by 2020 (encompassing the achievement of recycling objectives set by European Union Directives), and the simultaneous larger implementation of best available techniques (BAT) for waste incineration. Hybrid monetary physical input-output tables are initially derived from balanced physical supply and use tables and further complemented with process inventory data on waste treatment technologies. A dramatic reduction in the demand for primary metals (by a factor of 2.0) and for primary mining and quarrying products for construction (by a factor of 1.9) is observed in 2020, as compared to 2008, in the case of the scenario recycling, despite the competition induced by the evolution of the final demand. On the contrary, considering energy requirements and fossil carbon dioxide, sulfur dioxide, and nitrogen oxide emissions caused by the French final demand, the combined improvements in recycling and incineration performances by 2020 would only limit the rise induced by the evolution of the final demand. On the basis of these results, the potential contribution of waste management policies to the decoupling of resource consumption and gaseous emissions from final demand's growth is finally discussed.
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Article dans une revue
Journal of Industrial Ecology, Wiley, 2016, 20 (4), 〈10.1111/jiec.12318〉
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https://hal-brgm.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01453349
Contributeur : Anne-Marie Pouget <>
Soumis le : jeudi 2 février 2017 - 16:55:41
Dernière modification le : vendredi 3 février 2017 - 01:07:38

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Antoine Beylot, Stéphane Vaxelaire, Jacques Villeneuve. Reducing Gaseous Emissions and Resource Consumption Embodied in French Final Demand: How Much Can Waste Policies Contribute?. Journal of Industrial Ecology, Wiley, 2016, 20 (4), 〈10.1111/jiec.12318〉. 〈hal-01453349〉

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