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Article Dans Une Revue Geophysical Journal International Année : 2015

Corrections of surface fissure effect on apparent resistivity measurements

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Résumé

Electrical resistivity tomography (ERT) is a useful tool to detect and track water flow paths in the subsoil. However, measurements are strongly affected by subsurface heterogeneities such as fissures of different sizes and genesis (shrinking-swelling, macropores and deformation). In this work, we focus on surface fissures characterized by dimensions lower than the interelectrode spacing and correct their effect on apparent resistivity pseudo-sections by incorporating fissure geometry in the topography. We show that fissures with depths greater than 0.10 times the interelectrode spacing for a dipole–dipole array and equal to 0.16 for the gradient array and the Wenner–Schlumberger arrays create significant anomalies (greater than 5 per cent) in the pseudo-section. Surface fissure widths and dip angles have little effect with respect to the fissure depths which can increase the apparent resistivity up to 200 per cent. The clogging of the fissures with water or soil material decreases the anomaly effect linearly with the percentage of filling. The correction of apparent resistivity values is possible for relatively simple fissure geometries and only requires a manual survey of the surface fissures. It allows to improve the quality of the inverted resistivity section by mitigating the inversion artefacts and therefore a better interpretation.
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Dates et versions

hal-01356743 , version 1 (26-03-2021)

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Julien Gance, P. Sailhac, Jean-Philippe Malet. Corrections of surface fissure effect on apparent resistivity measurements. Geophysical Journal International, 2015, 200 (2), pp.1116-1133. ⟨10.1093/gji/ggu453⟩. ⟨hal-01356743⟩
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