Phosphate valorization by dry chlorination route

Abstract : This work deals with the extraction of phosphorus chlorinated compounds from phosphate materials using chlorination with gaseous chlorine. An industrial sample of dicalcium phosphate dihydrate, after transformation into calcium pyrophosphate (Ca 2 P 2 O 7), is subjected to reactions with Cl 2 +CO+N 2 and Cl 2 +C+N 2 at temperatures ranging from 625 to 950 °C using boat experiments. Gathering results of the thermodynamic predictions and TG/DT analysis with those of SEM and XRD examinations of the chlorinated residues allowed the interpretation of phenomena and reactions mechanism occurring during the calcium pyrophosphate carbochlorination. Reaction rate of Ca 2 P 2 O 7 by Cl 2 +CO+N 2 at 950 °C is slowed down due to the formation of a CaCl 2 liquid layer acting as a barrier for the diffusion of the reactive gases and further reaction progress. While, the carbochlorination with Cl 2 +C+N 2 led to almost full chlorination of Ca 2 P 2 O 7 at 750 °C and the process proceeds with an apparent activation energy of about 104 kJ/mol between 625 and 750 °C. Carbochlorination technique can be considered as an alternative and selective route for the valorization of low grade phosphates and for the phosphorus extraction from its bearing materials. Jo u rn al o f Min in g an d Met allu rgy, S ect ion B: Met a llu rg y
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Journal of Mining and Metallurgy, Section B : Metallurgy, 2016, 1 (52), pp.17-24. 〈http://www.jmmab.com/index.php/contents/vol-52-1-b-2016〉. 〈10.2298/JMMB150304027K〉
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N. Kanari, Noureddine Menad, F. Diot, E. Allain, J. Yvon. Phosphate valorization by dry chlorination route . Journal of Mining and Metallurgy, Section B : Metallurgy, 2016, 1 (52), pp.17-24. 〈http://www.jmmab.com/index.php/contents/vol-52-1-b-2016〉. 〈10.2298/JMMB150304027K〉. 〈hal-01298864〉

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