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Article Dans Une Revue Journal of Colloid and Interface Science Année : 2015

The electrophoretic mobility of montmorillonite. Zeta potential and surface conductivity effects

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Résumé

Clay minerals have remarkable adsorption properties because of their high specific surface area and sur face charge density, which give rise to high electrochemical properties. These electrochemical properties cannot be directly measured, and models must be developed to estimate the electrostatic potential at the vicinity of clay mineral surfaces. In this context, an important model prediction is the zeta potential which is thought to be representative of the electrostatic potential at the plane of shear. The zeta potential is usually deduced from electrophoretic measurements but for clay minerals, high surface conductivity decreases their mobility, thereby impeding straightforward interpretation of these measurements. By combining a surface complexation, conductivity and electrophoretic mobility model, we were able to reconcile zeta potential predictions with electrophoretic measurements on montmorillonite immerse in NaCl aqueous solutions. The electrochemical properties of the Stern and diffuse layers of the basal sur faces were computed by a triple-layer model. Computed zeta potentials have considerably higher amplitudes than measured zeta potentials calculated with the Smoluchowski equation. Our model successfully reproduced measured electrophoretic mobilities. This confirmed our assumptions that surface conductivity may be responsible for montmorillonite's low electrophoretic mobility and that the zeta potential mall be located at the beginning of the diffuse layer
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Dates et versions

hal-01269931 , version 1 (05-02-2016)

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Philippe Leroy, Christophe Tournassat, Olivier Bernard, Nicolas Devau, Mohamed Azaroual. The electrophoretic mobility of montmorillonite. Zeta potential and surface conductivity effects. Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, 2015, 451, pp.21-39. ⟨10.1016/j.jcis.2015.03.047⟩. ⟨hal-01269931⟩
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