Nanoparticles and bacterial biofilm interactions in natural waters: Implication for NPs mobility

Abstract : The mobility, fate and reactivity of NPs in groundwater are controlled by the intrinsic properties of the NPs (e.g. composition, size and size distribution, density, shape, nature of the suspension, surface chemistry) as well as by the environmental conditions (e.g groundwater and aquifer solids composition). Though biofilms have been reported to interact with NPs in saturated porous media (Lerner et al., 2012), the effects of biofilms on the mobility of reactive NPs remain poorly studied. As a part of the NANOREM project, our work presented here focuses on interactions between complex biofilms developed from contaminated groundwater under anaerobic conditions and zero valent iron (ZVI) NPs (NanoFer 25S; NANOIRON, 1g/L). The influence of the presence of microbial communities on the mobility of a NP suspension was investigated by laboratory experiments using glass columns. Biofilms were grown for 2 months from natural groundwater in 20cm-long column (2.5 cm in diameter) containing sand under anaerobic conditions. NPs suspension mobility was determined for high velocity conditions (i.e. 10m/d) in the absence and the presence of biofilm in the column. Before the NPs injection, SEM and Fluorescence images show a high density of bacteria and EPS in the column. The Fe concentration breakthrough curves indicate that the mobility of NPs through the sand in the absence and the presence of biofilm is low, with less than 1% of the total injected Fe NPs found in the effluent. Consequently, the influence of the biofilm on the retention of NPs within the sandy material of the column is not obvious. However, at the end of the experiment, the analysis of the sand from the column containing the biofilm shows that the variation of Fe content is concomitant with that of total organic carbon (TOC) strongly suggesting NPs-biofilm interactions. The influence of biofilm on mobility and reactivity of optimized ZVI NPs (more mobile but still reactive) is in progress.
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Communication dans un congrès
SETAC North America 36th Annual Meeting, Nov 2015, Salt Lake City, United States. 2015
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https://hal-brgm.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01188941
Contributeur : Patrick Ollivier <>
Soumis le : lundi 31 août 2015 - 18:10:10
Dernière modification le : vendredi 5 janvier 2018 - 12:02:01

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  • HAL Id : hal-01188941, version 1

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Patrick Ollivier, Jennifer Hellal, Louis Jolly, Caroline Michel, Guillaume Wille, et al.. Nanoparticles and bacterial biofilm interactions in natural waters: Implication for NPs mobility. SETAC North America 36th Annual Meeting, Nov 2015, Salt Lake City, United States. 2015. 〈hal-01188941〉

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