High-resolution morphobathymetric analysis and evolution of Capbreton submarine canyon head (Southeast Bay of Biscay French Atlantic Coast) over the last decade using descriptive and numerical modeling

Abstract : n this study, the Capbreton canyon head, just off the coast, is investigated using high-resolution multibeam bathymetry datasets, sediment samples and numerical modeling. The HR bathymetty analysis reveals a morphological connection between the longshore trough and the head of the canyon. The analysis of recent sediment samples shows a clear correlation between the sediment of the canyon head and that of the nearshore. Hydrodynamic modeling (a coupled wave-flow model) shows that for high-energy waves, the rotational nature of surfzone circulation reverses and wave-induced currents have the potential to transport large quantities of nearshore sands toward the canyon head. All these arguments support the assumption that the canyon head captures a part of the sand transported by longshore drift. Over the 15 years of observation (1998-2013), time-lapse bathymetry shows that the floor of the canyon head and one lateral gully network experienced significant morphological reworking. In terms of hazards, despite this strong activity, the position of the canyon head and the profile of its longitudinal slope remained stable and appear as a comforting factor. However, the activity of unusual lateral erosions needs to be monitored.
Type de document :
Article dans une revue
Marine Geology, Elsevier, 2014, 351, pp.1-12. 〈10.1016/j.margeo2014.03.001〉
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https://hal-brgm.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01174801
Contributeur : Anne-Marie Pouget <>
Soumis le : jeudi 9 juillet 2015 - 18:05:10
Dernière modification le : mardi 29 mai 2018 - 12:50:30

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Alaïs Mazières, Hervé Gillet, Bruno Castelle, Thierry Mulder, Corentin Guyot, et al.. High-resolution morphobathymetric analysis and evolution of Capbreton submarine canyon head (Southeast Bay of Biscay French Atlantic Coast) over the last decade using descriptive and numerical modeling. Marine Geology, Elsevier, 2014, 351, pp.1-12. 〈10.1016/j.margeo2014.03.001〉. 〈hal-01174801〉

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