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Timing of rare-elements (Li-Be-Ta-Sn-Nb) magmatism in the European Variscan belt

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Résumé

High-phosphorus peraluminous rare-elements granites and rare-elements LCT (Lithium, Caesium, Tantalum) pegmatites are the most important sources of raw materials for some critical metals like tantalum (1,2)represent important economic storehouses for industrial minerals like feldspar, quartz, mica or kaolin. They principally emplace in orogenic settings (3). Afast overview of three mainEuropean Variscan districts, i.e. the Moldanubian domain of the Bohemian massif, the French Massif Central (FMC) and the NW Iberia provides a basis for questioning the origin of rare-elements magmatism and the actual classification of rare-elements pegmatites, in particular the LCT pegmatites. Granitic pegmatites are widespread in most of the Bohemian Massifbut LCT pegmatites are most common in the Moldanubian domain. In this area, their emplacements seem mainly controlled by migmatitic domes and shear zones and correspond to two events(4). The older at ~ 333 ± 3 Ma just follow HT-MP event of the end of the Moravo-Moldanubian phase and the younger at ~ 325 ± 4 Ma is contemporaneous with beginning of the Bavarian phase (U-Pb ages on colombite and tantalite). In the FMC, most of the actually known rare-elements magmatic bodies form a province in the North Limousin area, which represents the northwestern part of the FMC.U-Pb dating of columbite-group minerals from Beauvoir, Montebras and Chèdeville rare-elements magmatic bodies leads to emplacement ages at 317 ± 6 Ma, 314 ± 4 Ma and 309 ± 5 Ma respectively. The contemporaneous Marche fault system (5), which crosscuts in a general E-W trend all the northern part of the Limousin, seems to be a key-structure for the rare-elements magmatism of the area.
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hal-01137537 , version 1 (30-03-2015)

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  • HAL Id : hal-01137537 , version 1

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Jérémie Melleton, Eric Gloaguen. Timing of rare-elements (Li-Be-Ta-Sn-Nb) magmatism in the European Variscan belt. Variscan 2015 : The Variscan belt : correlations and plate dynamics, Université Rennes 1, Jun 2015, Rennes, France. ⟨hal-01137537⟩
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