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Identifying the impact of climate and anthropic pressures on karst aquifers using wavelet analysis

Abstract : This paper assesses the implications of climate and anthropic pressures on short to long-term changes in water resources in a Mediterranean karst using wavelet analysis. This approach was tested on 38-year (1974–2011) hydrogeological time series recorded at the Lez spring (South France), which is exploited for water supply. Firstly, we investigated inter-relationships in the frequency domain by cross-correlation across multiresolution levels. Our results showed that rainfall and spring discharge are highly correlated in the high frequency domain which reflects the hydrogeological response during flood events of typical highly karstified systems. Pumping and groundwater level are correlated in a lower frequency domain, illustrating seasonal to multi-year relationships. Secondly, continuous wavelet transform was applied to characterize the temporal variability of the inter-relationships involved. On the contrary to examples of “non-managed” karst aquifers in the literature, our results showed that the 10-year rainfall component was attenuate in the discharge signal. We assume that the reason is that the storage variations are strongly affected by pumping. This interesting result shows that possible long-term impacts of rainfall variability due to climate change may be masked by a high pumping rate. We showed also that despite an increase of the pumping rate from the 1980s, the stress on the groundwater resource does not increase from year to year. The present pumping strategy does not affect the drawdown in the long term, avoiding an over-exploitation of the aquifer. Finally, this study highlights the effectiveness of wavelet analysis in characterizing the response variability of karst systems where the hydrogeological regime is modified by pumping.
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Dernière modification le : mercredi 22 juillet 2020 - 11:30:34
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Jean-Baptiste Charlier, Bernard Ladouche, Jean-Christophe Maréchal. Identifying the impact of climate and anthropic pressures on karst aquifers using wavelet analysis. Journal of Hydrology, Elsevier, 2015, 523, pp.610-623. ⟨10.1016/j.jhydrol.2015.02.003.⟩. ⟨hal-01119955⟩

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