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Journal Articles Chemical Geology Year : 2014

Use of two new Na/Li geothermometric relationships for geothermal fluids in volcanic environments

Ragnar Asmundsson
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Niels Giroud
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This work has made it possible to obtain two new Na/Li geothermometric relationships in addition to the three already known (Fouillac and Michard, 1981; Kharaka et al., 1982) and confirms that the Na/Li geothermometer, unlike the Na/K, Na/K/Ca, K/Mg and silica geothermometers, or the isotope δ18O (H2O-SO4) geothermometer, also depends on the fluid salinity and the nature of the reservoir rocks reacting with the geothermal water. One of the relationships concerns the fluids derived from seawater-basalt interaction processes existing in emerged rifts such as those of Iceland (Reykjanes, Svartsengi, and Seltjarnarnes geothermal fields) and Djibouti (Asal-Ghoubbet and Obock geothermal areas), or in numerous oceanic ridges and rises (Mid-Atlantic and Middle-Valley ridges, East Pacific rise, etc.). The best adapted Na/Li relationship for geothermal fluids discharged from emerged rifts between 0 and 365 °C is: T(K)= 920/[log(Na/Li)−1.105] (r2 = 0.994; n = 27) where Na and Li are the aqueous concentrations of these elements given in mol/L. The other Na/Li relationship was determined using dilute waters collected from wells located in different hightemperature (200-325 °C) volcanic geothermal areas of Iceland (Krafla, Námafjall, Nesjavellir and Hveragerdi). This relationship can be expressed as follows: T(K)= 2002/[log(Na/Li) + 1.322] (r2= 0.967, n= 17). These two relationships give estimations of temperature with an uncertainty close to ±20 °C. The second Na/Li relationship was also successfully applied to HT dilute geothermal waters from the East African Rift (Ethiopia, Kenya). Some case studies in the literature and thermodynamic considerations suggest that the Na/Li ratios for this type of fluids could be controlled by full equilibrium reactions involving a mineral assemblage constituting at least albite, K-feldspar, quartz and clay minerals such as kaolinite, illite (or muscovite) and Li-micas. Unlike the Na/Li ratios, no thermometric relationship using Li isotopes could be determined for this type of water. However, it was noticed that δ7Li values higher than 16‰ are always associated with low- to medium-temperature waters.
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Dates and versions

hal-01074101 , version 1 (12-10-2014)



Bernard Sanjuan, Romain Millot, Ragnar Asmundsson, Brach Michel, Niels Giroud. Use of two new Na/Li geothermometric relationships for geothermal fluids in volcanic environments. Chemical Geology, 2014, 389, pp.60-81. ⟨10.1016/j.chemgeo.2014.09.011⟩. ⟨hal-01074101⟩


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