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Article Dans Une Revue Environmental Science and Pollution Research Année : 2015

Transfer and degradation of polyacrylamide based flocculants in hydrosystems: a review

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Résumé

The aim of this review was to summarize information and scientific data from the literature dedicated to the fate of PAM-based flocculants in hydrosystems. Flocculants, usually composed of polyacrylamides (PAMs), are widely used in several industrial fields, particularly in minerals extraction, to enhance solid/liquid separation in water containing suspended matter. These polymers can contain residual monomer of acrylamide (AMD) which is known to be a toxic compound. This review focuses on the mechanisms of transfer and degradation, which can affect both PAM and residual AMD, with a special attention given to the potential release of AMD during PAM degradation. Due to PAM ability to adsorb onto mineral particles, its transport in surface water, groundwater and soils is rather limited and restricted to specific conditions. PAM can be also subject of biodegradation, photodegradation and mechanical degradation but most of the studies report slow degradation rates without AMD release. In the contrary, the adsorption of acrylamide onto particles is very low, which could favor its transfer in surface waters and ground water. However AMD transfer is likely to be limited by quick microbial degradation.
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Dates et versions

hal-01071342 , version 1 (06-10-2014)

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Anne-Gwenaëlle Guezennec, Caroline Michel, Kathy Bru, Solène Touzé, Nicolas Desroche, et al.. Transfer and degradation of polyacrylamide based flocculants in hydrosystems: a review. Environmental Science and Pollution Research, 2015, 22 (9), pp.6390-6406. ⟨10.1007/s11356-014-3556-6⟩. ⟨hal-01071342⟩
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