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Intercomparison of Flow and Transport Models Applied to Vertical Drainage in Cropped Lysimeters

Abstract : The vertical water flow, heat flow and transport of the herbicide methabenzthiazuron were monitored for 627 days in lysimeters sampled at a field site close to the research centre Jülich, Germany. During this period the lysimeters were cropped with winter wheat, winter barley and oat. The models TRACE, MARTHE, ANSWERS and MACRO were applied to the lysimeter data with the scope of upscaling local scale process understanding for regional scale. MARTHE and TRACE solve the 3-d Richards' equation for variably saturated water flow. MACRO is a 1-d model based on the Richards' Equation and accounting for preferential flow in the unsaturated zone, while ANSWERS is a regional scale capacity based watershed model. Measurements of soil moisture, evapotranspiration, drainage, soil temperature, pesticide residues and leaching are used for comparison with model results. Although the adopted models differ in terms of model concepts, the use of model performance indices proved a proper simulation of water flow for all models. The heat flow is also well described with ANSWERS, MARTHE and MACRO. Larger deviations were found between model results and measured pesticide transport. An inadequate reproduction of the measured MBT degradation was found for the available model input parameters. A very small amount of MBT leaching, observed in the measurements, was only reproduced with MACRO after strong calibration. In other respects only plant parameters were calibrated. Calibration of the crop conversion factor used for scaling of the potential evapotranspiration was found to be a crucial parameter for the adequate description of the water balance by the models.
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Soumis le : lundi 8 septembre 2014 - 16:59:29
Dernière modification le : jeudi 16 juillet 2020 - 09:18:06
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Michael Herbst, Wieslaw Fialkiewicz, Tao Chen, T. Pütz, Dominique Thiéry, et al.. Intercomparison of Flow and Transport Models Applied to Vertical Drainage in Cropped Lysimeters. Vadose Zone Journal, Soil science society of America - Geological society of America., 2005, 4 (2), pp. 240-254. ⟨10.2136/vzj2004.0070⟩. ⟨hal-01061898⟩



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