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Modelling CEC variations versus structural iron reduction levels in dioctahedral smectites. Existing approaches, new data and model refinements

Abstract : A model was developed to describe how the 2:1 layer excess negative charge induced by the reduction of Fe(III) to Fe(II) by sodium dithionite buffered with citrate-bicarbonate is balanced and applied to nontronites. This model is based on new experimental data and extends structural interpretation introduced by a former model [36-38]. The 2:1 layer negative charge increase due to Fe(III) to Fe(II) reduction is balanced by an excess adsorption of cations in the clay interlayers and a specific sorption of H+ from solution. Prevalence of one compensating mechanism over the other is related to the growing lattice distortion induced by structural Fe(III) reduction. At low reduction levels, cation adsorption dominates and some of the incorporated protons react with structural OH groups, leading to a dehydroxylation of the structure. Starting from a moderate reduction level, other structural changes occur, leading to a reorganisation of the octahedral and tetrahedral lattice: migration or release of cations, intense dehydroxylation and bonding of protons to undersaturated oxygen atoms. Experimental data highlight some particular properties of ferruginous smectites regarding chemical reduction. Contrary to previous assumptions, the negative layer charge of nontronites does not only increase towards a plateau value upon reduction. A peak is observed in the reduction domain. After this peak, the negative layer charge decreases upon extended reduction (>30%). The decrease is so dramatic that the layer charge of highly reduced nontronites can fall below that of its fully oxidised counterpart. Furthermore, the presence of a large amount of tetrahedral Fe seems to promote intense clay structural changes and Fe reducibility. Our newly acquired data clearly show that models currently available in the literature cannot be applied to the whole reduction range of clay structural Fe. Moreover, changes in the model normalising procedure clearly demonstrate that the investigated low tetrahedral bearing nontronites (SWa-1, GAN and NAu-1) all exhibit the same behaviour at low reduction levels. Consequently, we restricted our model to the case of moderate reduction (<30%) in low tetrahedral Fe-bearing nontronites. Our adapted model provides the relative amounts of Na+ (p) and H+ (n(i)) cations incorporated in the structure as a function of the amount of Fe reduction. Two equations enable the investigated systems to be described: p = m/(1 + K-r center dot omega center dot m(rel)) and n(i) = K-r center dot omega center dot m center dot m(rel)/(1 + K-r center dot omega center dot m(rel)); where m is the Fe(II) content, m(rel), the reduction level (m/m(tot)), omega, the cation exchange capacity (CEC, and K-r, an empirical constant specific to the system
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Soumis le : mercredi 16 juillet 2014 - 12:36:23
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Jebril Hadi, Christophe Tournassat, Ioannis Ignatiadis, Jean-Marc Greneche, Laurent Charlet. Modelling CEC variations versus structural iron reduction levels in dioctahedral smectites. Existing approaches, new data and model refinements. Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, Elsevier, 2013, 407, pp.397-409. ⟨10.1016/j.jcis.2013.05.014⟩. ⟨hal-01024553⟩



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