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Silurian magmatism in eastern Senegal and its significance for the Paleozoic evolution of NW-Gondwana

Abstract : Submarine basalt and trachyte of the Nandoumba group occur in eastern Senegal within the Bassarides branch of the Mauritanides orogen. The unit forms part of the parautochthonous domain which is stacked between underlying Neoproterozoic to Paleozoic foreland and overlying Variscan nappes. The crystallisation age of the volcanic to subvolcanic rocks has been determined by U-Pb single zircon SHRIMP method at 428 +/- 5.2 Ma whereas zircon xenocryst ages vary from 500 to 2200 Ma. The shape of the xenocryst grains document proximal Neo- and Paleoproterozoic and distal Mesoproterozoic provenance areas for assimilated sediments. This is compatible with the Paleoproterozoic Birimian basement and Neoproterozoic cover rocks nearby whereas an origin from the Amazonian craton could be assumed for distal Mesoproterozoic zircons. Geochemical and Sm-Nd isotope whole rock analysis show that basalts of the Nandoumba group are similar to modern transitional to alkaline volcanic lavas in intraplate settings. Those basalts have a deep mantle source with a great contribution of a recycled mantle component such as EM1 and/or EM2. The basalts resemble in their composition those from the Meguma terrane of Nova Scotia which are of similar age suggesting a common source and therefore connection of Meguma with Gondwana during this period. Review of circum-Atlantic Silurian magmatism indicates ongoing fragmentation of NW-Gondwana that started in Cambro/Ordovician times
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https://hal-brgm.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01023819
Contributeur : Anne-Marie Pouget <>
Soumis le : mardi 15 juillet 2014 - 11:54:48
Dernière modification le : mardi 7 avril 2020 - 14:46:03

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Thomas Fullgraf, Papa Moussa Ndiaye, Olivier Blein, François Buscail, Didier Lahondère, et al.. Silurian magmatism in eastern Senegal and its significance for the Paleozoic evolution of NW-Gondwana. Journal of African Earth Sciences, Elsevier, 2013, 78, pp.66-85. ⟨10.1016/j.jafrearsci.2012.08.003⟩. ⟨hal-01023819⟩

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