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Communication dans un congrès

Prediction of changes in landslide rates induced by rainfall

Abstract : This work presents an innovative approach to predict changes in landslide dis-placement rates for early warning purposes. The forecasting tool associates a sta-tistical impulse response (IR) model to simulate the changes in landslide rates by computing a transfer function between the input signal (e.g. rainfall) and the out-put signal (e.g. displacements) and a simple 1D mechanical (MA) model (e.g. vis-co-plastic rheology) to take into account changes in pore water pressures. The models have been applied to forecast the displacement rates at three landslide sites (South East France), among the most active and instrumented landslides in the Eu-ropean Alps. Results indicate that the three models are able to reproduce the dis-placement pattern in the general kinematic regime with very good accuracy (suc-cession of acceleration and deceleration phases); at the contrary, extreme kinematic regimes such as fluidization of part of the landslide mass are not being reproduced. This statement, quantitatively characterised by the Root Mean Square Error between the model and the observations, constitutes however a robust ap-proach to predict changes in displacement rates from rainfall or groundwater time series, several days before it happens. The variability of the results, depending in particular on the fluidization events and on the location of displacement data, is discussed.
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Communication dans un congrès
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https://hal-brgm.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00988275
Contributeur : Nicolas Desramaut <>
Soumis le : mercredi 7 mai 2014 - 17:00:28
Dernière modification le : mercredi 8 avril 2020 - 09:50:04

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  • HAL Id : hal-00988275, version 1

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Séverine Bernardie, Nicolas Desramaut, Jean-Philippe Malet, Matouk Azib, Gilles Grandjean. Prediction of changes in landslide rates induced by rainfall. XII International IAEG Congress : International Association for Engineering Geology and the Environment, Sep 2014, Turin, Italy. ⟨hal-00988275⟩

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