Finite difference simulations of seismic wave propagation for the 2007 Mw 6.6 Niigata-ken Chuetsu-Oki earthquake: Validity of models and reliable input ground motion in the near field - BRGM - Bureau de recherches géologiques et minières Access content directly
Journal Articles Pure and Applied Geophysics Year : 2013

Finite difference simulations of seismic wave propagation for the 2007 Mw 6.6 Niigata-ken Chuetsu-Oki earthquake: Validity of models and reliable input ground motion in the near field

Abstract

Finite difference simulations of seismic wave propagation are performed in the Niigata area, Japan, for the 2007 Mw 6.6 Niigata-ken Chuetsu-Oki earthquake at low frequencies. We test three 3D structural models built independently in various studies. First aftershock simulations are carried out. The model based on 3D tomography yields correct body waves in the near field, but later phases are imperfectly reproduced due to the lack of shallow sediment layers; other models based on various 1D/2D profiles and geological interpretation provide good site responses but generate seismic phases that may be shifted from those actually observed. Next, for the mainshock simulations, we adopt two different finite source models that differ in the near-field ground motion, especially above the fault plane (but under the sea) and then along the coastline. Each model is found to be calibrated differently for the given stations. For engineering purposes, the variations observed in simulated ground motion are significant, but for seismological purposes, additional parameter calibrations would be possible for such a complex 3D case.

Domains

Earth Sciences
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Dates and versions

hal-00980238 , version 1 (17-04-2014)

Identifiers

Cite

Hideo Aochi, Ariane Ducellier, Fabrice Dupros, Mickael Delatre, Thomas Ulrich, et al.. Finite difference simulations of seismic wave propagation for the 2007 Mw 6.6 Niigata-ken Chuetsu-Oki earthquake: Validity of models and reliable input ground motion in the near field. Pure and Applied Geophysics, 2013, 170 (1-2), pp.43-64. ⟨10.1007/s00024-011-0429-5⟩. ⟨hal-00980238⟩

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