Monitoring of the biodegradation of toluene-contaminated sand in columns by SIP measurements, CO2 content and its 13C/12C isotopic signature.

Abstract : Hydrocarbon contaminated soils represent an environmental issue as it impacts on ecosystems and aquifers. Bioremediation uses the ability of bacteria naturally present in the ground to degrade hydrocarbons. It represents an effective solution to fight the pollution but in situ monitoring before and during soil treatment is difficult and challenging. Indeed, where significant subsurface heterogeneity exists, conventional intrusive groundwater sampling can be insufficient to obtain a robust monitoring as the information they provide is restricted to vertical profiles at discrete locations, with no information between sampling points. In order to obtain wider information, complementary methods can be used like geo-electrical techniques. Induced polarization (IP) seems to be the more promising to study the effects of biodegradation processes. Indeed, laboratory and field experiments have shown an enhancement of real and imaginary parts of electrical conductivity while bacterial treatment is progressing (Abdel Aal et al., 2006 ; Atekwana et Atekwana, 2010). Moreover, microbial activity induced CO2 production and isotopic deviation of carbon (Aggarwal and Hinchee, 1991). The ratio δ13C(CO2) will come closer to δ13C(hydrocarbon). From these findings, the French project BIOPHY, supported by the French National Research Agency (ANR), proposes to use electrical methods and gas analyses to develop a non-destructive method for monitoring in situ biodegradation of hydrocarbons in order to optimize soil treatment. Laboratory experiments in columns are carried out to demonstrate its feasibility. Our objectives were to monitor aerobic microbial activity in toluene-contaminated sand columns using complex electrical resistivity measurements (SIP, Spectral Induced polarization and GEIS, Galvanostatic Electrochemical Impedance Spectroscopy) and measuring concentration and δ13C isotopic ratio of produced CO2.
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Contributeur : Cécile Noel <>
Soumis le : mercredi 26 février 2014 - 18:51:27
Dernière modification le : jeudi 25 juillet 2019 - 16:16:02
Document(s) archivé(s) le : lundi 26 mai 2014 - 12:56:33

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Cécile Noel, Jean-Christophe Gourry, Ioannis Ignatiadis, Fabienne Battaglia-Brunet, Christophe Guimbaud. Monitoring of the biodegradation of toluene-contaminated sand in columns by SIP measurements, CO2 content and its 13C/12C isotopic signature.. 3rd International Workshop on Induced Polarization, Apr 2014, île d'Oléron, France. ⟨hal-00952460⟩

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