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Deep Water Circulation, Residence Time, and Chemistry in a Karst Complex

Abstract : We investigated the hydrochemistry of a complex karst hydrosystem made of two carbonate units along a coastal lagoon. Ground water emerges on the lagoon floor from a submarine spring. In addition, thermal waters circulate through the limestone and mix with karst water near the lagoon shore. A distinction between the water from the two carbonate units is related to marine influences and human activities. In one of the massifs, the data show an incongruent dissolution of dolomite with time. In the other system, a slight contamination by saline fluids from the thermal reservoir has led to high calcium and magnesium concentrations. 36C1, I4C, and 3H data constrain the residence time of the water, and allow for the distinguishing of four circulation types: (1) shallow surface circulation (primarily above sea level) in the karstic units with short residence times (<20 years); (2) shallow subsurface circulation (approximately 0 to -50 m) below the karstic units with residence time in the order of 50 years; (3) deep circulation at depth of 700 to 1500 m in the Jurassic limestones below thick sedimentary cover, with residence time of several thousand years for a part of the water; and (4) deep circulation at a depth of ∼2500 m, which represents the thermal reservoir in the Jurassic units with residence time of ∼100,000 years. An interpretative hydrogeological framework is based on the constraints of the geochemical analyses of the deep thermal system, and by water flow from the surface to the deep parts of the carbonate formations.
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Contributeur : Bernard Ladouche <>
Soumis le : mercredi 21 août 2013 - 00:07:10
Dernière modification le : lundi 20 avril 2020 - 07:58:02

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Luc Aquilina, Bernard Ladouche, Nathalie Dörfliger, Michel Bakalowicz. Deep Water Circulation, Residence Time, and Chemistry in a Karst Complex. Groundwater, Wiley, 2003, 41 (3), pp.790-805. ⟨10.1111/j.1745-6584.2003.tb02420.x⟩. ⟨hal-00852407⟩



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