Deep temperatures in the Paris Basin using tectonic-heat flow modelling

Abstract : The determination of deep temperatures in a basin is one of the key parameters in the exploration of geothermal energy. This study, carried out as part of the CLASTIQ-2 project, presents a 3 temperatures in the Paris Basin derived through a thermal-tectonic forward modelling method, calibrated using subsurface temperature values. The temperature dataset required for the calibration was compiled in 2007 as part of the CLASTIQ-1 project. The temperature measurement dataset is largely composed of BHT (some 2443 values). These BHT measurements required correction due to the thermal disturbance created during drilling. After correction, which was carried out using the Instantaneous Cylinder Source (ICS) method, 494 corrected BHT (BHTx) values were available for the modelling of the Paris Basin. In addition to these BHTx, some 15 DST measurements that are considered as close to the thermal equilibrium (i.e., ±5°C) were added to the temperature calibration values. According to this dataset of BHTx and DST, the average gradient in the Paris Basin was calculated as 34.9°C/km when the surface temperature is fixed at 10°C. The temperature values collected were then used to calibrate the tectonic-heat flow modelling. The model was computed at the lithospheric scale but focused on the temperature field in the sedimentary basin fill. The model takes into account the geodynamic evolution of the last 20 My, the heat production, and the specific heat conduction of each defined sedimentary layer. The result is a 3D thermal block that is presented in the form of isodepth maps. The results are strongly influenced by thermal conductivity variations such as those due to differences in sediment composition while faults create some more localised influences. The presence of anomalously radiogenic bodies beneath the basin, and/or by variations in lithosphere thickness resulting in possible heat production anomalies strongly influence the thermal variations the Paris Basin. The Alpine Orogeny created a slight temperature increase in the south-eastern part of the basin and inhomogeneities in the lithology of the basement generating additional sources of variation in the sedimentary pile
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Damien Bonté, Jan Diederik van Wees, Laurent Guillou-Frottier, Vincent Bouchot, Olivier Serrano. Deep temperatures in the Paris Basin using tectonic-heat flow modelling. European Geothermal Congress EGC 2013, Jun 2013, Pise, Italy. 10 p. ⟨hal-00842726⟩

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