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Article Dans Une Revue Geophysical Research Letters Année : 2013

Is land subsidence increasing the exposure to sea level rise in Alexandria, Egypt?

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Résumé

Delta margins are subject to relatively high rates of land subsidence and have the potential to significantly exacerbate future changes in sea levels predicted by global warming models used in impact studies. Through a combined analysis of GPS and persistent scatterer interferometry data, we determine that most of the coastline of Alexandria has been subject to moderate land subsidence over the past decade (0.4 mm/year on average and up to 2 mm/year locally). This contrasts to previous studies that suggested subsidence in excess of 3 mm/year. Based on our findings, we infer that on multi-century to millennia timescales, land subsidence in the area of Alexandria is dominated by tectonic setting and earthquakes or gravitational collapse episodes of a growth fault, whereas on shorter inter-seismic decadal to century timescales, subsidence rates are likely steady and moderate, in agreement with natural compaction and dewatering of the observed Holocene sediment layer.
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Dates et versions

hal-00825699 , version 1 (24-11-2013)

Identifiants

Citer

Guy Woppelmann, Gonéri Le Cozannet, Marcello de Michele, Daniel Raucoules, Anny Cazenave, et al.. Is land subsidence increasing the exposure to sea level rise in Alexandria, Egypt?. Geophysical Research Letters, 2013, 40 (12), pp.2953-2957. ⟨10.1002/grl.50568⟩. ⟨hal-00825699⟩
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