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A Conceptual hydrodynamic model of a geological discontinuity in hard rock aquifers: example of a quartz reef in granitic terrain in South India

Abstract : The structure and hydrodynamic properties of geological discontinuities and of a deeply weathered granite aquifer near these structures are described on the basis of geological, geophysical and hydrodynamic investigations in two sites of South India located along a 20-40-metre-wide quartz reef intruding a weathered Archean biotite granite. One of the two sites also comprises a metre-wide dolerite dyke. Weathering processes appear to be at the origin of fissures development and of a related enhanced local hydraulic conductivity, both in the quartz reef and in the surrounding granite. The weathering profile in the granite (saprolite and fissured layer) is characterized by an abrupt deepening of the weathered layers in the granite near the contact and in the quartz reef itself. Therefore, the weathering profile shows a 'U'-shape geometry with, among others, the verticalization of the granite's fissured layer. The hydraulic conductivity of this verticalized layer is on average 5 x 10-6 m/s and storativity about 10-3 (-). The hydraulic conductivity of the fissured quartz is 4 to 6 x 10-6 m/s and its storativity about 3 to 5 x 10-4 (-). Both media are also characterized by a matrix hydraulic conductivity (10-7 to 10-9 m/s) and by a significant heterogeneity in hydrodynamic properties that generates preferential flow paths along the sub-vertical fissures parallel to the reef axis. A special attention has been paid for characterizing this heterogeneity. The weathering of the dolerite dyke, however, results in a local low hydraulic conductivity, which consequently does not enhance either the thickness of weathered granite layers or its hydraulic conductivity. The obtained results complete the conceptual hydrogeological model developed for weathered granite aquifers in characterizing the relationships between weathering processes and hydrodynamic properties near geological discontinuities.
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Soumis le : mercredi 22 février 2012 - 11:13:44
Dernière modification le : samedi 22 août 2020 - 13:48:01
Archivage à long terme le : : mercredi 23 mai 2012 - 02:26:08

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Benoît Dewandel, Patrick Lachassagne, Faisal K. Zaidi, Subash Chandra. A Conceptual hydrodynamic model of a geological discontinuity in hard rock aquifers: example of a quartz reef in granitic terrain in South India. Journal of Hydrology, Elsevier, 2011, 405 (3-4), pp.474-487. ⟨10.1016/j.jhydrol.2011.05.050⟩. ⟨hal-00672876⟩

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