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Hydration thermodynamics of the SWy-1 montmorillonite saturated with alkali and alkaline-earth cations: A predictive model.

Abstract : The aim of the present work was to study the thermodynamic equilibria between water and a homo-ionic montmorillonite SWy-1 saturated by different cations. The choice of this smectite is justified by the large set of experimental data available from the literature for eight different interlayer cations: Na(+), K(+), Rb(+), Cs(+), Mg(2+), Ca(2+), Sr(2+), and Ba(2+). In particular, studies by Cases et al. (1992, 1997) and Berend et al. (1995) are providing heat of adsorption data, pairs of desorption-adsorption isotherms, and information about the partition of adsorption-desorption water molecules between external surfaces and internal spaces. By calculating the effective amount of hydration water as the difference between the so-called gravimetric water and the surface covering water, a thermodynamic model was then developed, based on the concept of Ransom and Helgeson (1994) considering an asymmetric subregular binary solid solution between a fully hydrated and a anhydrous smectite. A set of six thermodynamic parameters (Delta H degrees(hyd), S degrees(hyd) and four Margules parameters) was extracted by a least square method from measurements of enthalpies of adsorption and paired adsorption-desorption isotherms for each interlayer cation. These six initial parameters were then used to determine a complete set of standard thermodynamic hydration parameters (Delta H degrees(hyd), Delta G degrees(hyd), Delta S degrees(hyd), heat capacity, molar volume, and number of interlayer H(2)O) and quantify, for each cation, the number of moles of hydration water molecules as a function of relative humidity and temperature. The validation of the standard state thermodynamic properties of hydration for each end member was carried out using three approaches: (1) a comparison with experimental isotherms obtained on hetero-ionic and homo-ionic SWy-1 smectite at different temperatures; (2) a comparison with the experimental integral enthalpy and entropy of hydration of the SWy-1 smectite; and (3) a comparison with experimental isotherms acquired on various smectites (Upton, MX80, Arizona) with different layer charges. Eventually, the present work demonstrates that, from a limited number of measurements, it is possible to provide the hydration thermodynamic parameters for hydrated smectites with different compositions and under different conditions of temperature and relative humidity, using the newly developed predictive model.
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Philippe Vieillard, Philippe Blanc, C.I. Fialips, Hélène Gailhanou, Stéphane Gaboreau. Hydration thermodynamics of the SWy-1 montmorillonite saturated with alkali and alkaline-earth cations: A predictive model.. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, Elsevier, 2011, 75 (19), pp.5664-5685. ⟨10.1016/j.gca.2011.07.014⟩. ⟨hal-00665332⟩



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