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ANDRA underground research laboratory: interpretation of the mineralogical and geochemical data acquired in the Callovian-Oxfordian formation by investigative drilling

Abstract : Under the ANDRA Meuse/Haute Marne underground research laboratory scientific programme, two boreholes (EST204 and EST205) were drilled to a depth of 510 m for the purposes of scientific characterisation. Twenty-nine core samples were taken in borehole EST205 every 3 m between 422 and 504 m depth. Physical property measurements (water content, porosity, density, specific surface), geochemical analyses (major and trace elements, cation exchange capacity [CEC] and surface cation occupancy, leaching anions, redox state, organic matter concentration), and a semi-quantitative mineralogical study were conducted on the samples. As the rocks are in a reduced state, the core samples were stored under nitrogen immediately after drilling. All the steps of the sampling and of the characterisation are done with a research of limitation of the oxidation to obtain representative samples of the in situ conditions. The top of the formation is more carbonate-rich, with interbedded clayey layers and carbonate rock. The formation is more homogeneous in its central section with a clay mineral concentration of 45-50%, which corresponds to a maximum of flooding within the area. In the upper part of this section, micas and mixed-layer illite/smectite R0 dominate, whereas in the lower part of the section we find an abrupt transition to mixed-layer illite/smectite R1 associated with kaolinite. A statistical analysis, including the data of major and trace elements with the semi-quantitative mineralogy, enabled the identification of some mineralogical traps for trace elements. The values of cation occupancy at the surface of the clay minerals provided a good image of the pore water chemistry; pore water is in equilibrium with the clay surfaces. Leaching experiments revealed the pore water salinity and provided profiles of Cl and Br concentrations. Cl/Br values in the centre of the formation are close to the present-day seawater ratio, which could indicate a seawater origin of the pore water. Some measurements of total reduced capacity, provide quantified results of the reduced state of the rock. Processing the data on water content, helium and petroleum pycnometry enabled calculation of total rock porosity and gave an uncertainty range for this value. Finally, the high BET(N-2) specific surfaces are consistent with the clayey nature of the rock.
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Soumis le : mardi 31 janvier 2012 - 14:28:19
Dernière modification le : samedi 11 novembre 2017 - 01:01:22
Archivage à long terme le : : mardi 1 mai 2012 - 02:31:37

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Eric C. Gaucher, Christian Robelin, J.M Matray, Gabrielle Negrel, Yves Gros, et al.. ANDRA underground research laboratory: interpretation of the mineralogical and geochemical data acquired in the Callovian-Oxfordian formation by investigative drilling. Physics and Chemistry of The Earth, Elsevier, 2004, 29 (1), pp.55-77. ⟨10.1016/j.pce.2003.11.006⟩. ⟨hal-00664755⟩

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