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Communication Dans Un Congrès Année : 2012

Modelling the Influence of Biological crust on soil erosion at the plot scale

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Résumé

Biological soil crusts occur extensively in semi-arid regions; in western Niger, they are associated with various types of physical soil crusts in fallows and in the "tiger bush ecosystem" (landscape with a typical banded pattern consisting of densely vegetated bands of small trees and shrubs alternating with bare soil bands). The objectives of this study is: (i) to highlight the relative contribution of biological soil crusts in runoff and erosion on crusted soil in respect with other soil factors, and (ii) to elaborate and calibrate a dynamic erosion model coupling the Shallow Water equations with the Hairsine-Rose model for different sediment size classes. The study is based on runoff measurements performed in situ on ten 1-m2 plots under simulated rainfalls. Biological soil crusts capped pre-existing physical soil crusts with a percentage cover between 39 and 80% on structural crusts compared to 4 and 29% on erosion crusts. Calibration is firstly performed on the saturated infiltration capacity of the different crust types using a minimising algorithm where the distance is based on the Nash-Sutcliffe coefficient. The result is that whatever the suction values we find a power relation between the infiltration of BSC and the infiltration of BSC overlying physical soil crusts. The erosion model is also calibrated to take the different types of crust into account. These results will contribute to evaluate the potential role of biological soil crusts in soil and water redistribution modelling in arid environment of western Niger.
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Dates et versions

hal-00660369 , version 1 (16-01-2012)

Identifiants

  • HAL Id : hal-00660369 , version 1
  • PRODINRA : 244736

Citer

Olivier Cerdan, Minh Hoang Le, Oumarou Malam Issa, Christian Valentin, Jean-Louis Rajot, et al.. Modelling the Influence of Biological crust on soil erosion at the plot scale. 4th International congress EUROSOIL 2012, Jul 2012, Bari, Italy. ⟨hal-00660369⟩
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