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Communication dans un congrès

Salt tectonics and crustal tectonics along the Eastern Sardinian margin, Western Tyrrhenian: new insights from the "METYSS 1" cruise

Abstract : The Tyrrhenian Sea is usually interpreted to be a Neogene back-arc basin that opened by continental rifting and oceanic spreading caused by the eastward migration of the Apennine subduction system from Tortonian to Pliocene times. Rifting of the Tyrrhenian Sea started first along the Eastern Sardinian margin during the Tortonian-Messinian times. The " METYSS " project aims at better constraining the relations between crustal tectonics, salt tectonics and sedimentation from Messinian times to present-day. The " METYSS 1 " cruise (2009, R/V "Téthys II"-INSU) allowed us to obtain about 1200 km of high-resolution seismic reflection profiles along the SE Corsican margin, and along the upper and middle parts of the Eastern Sardinian margin, Western Tyrrhenian. This new dataset clearly illustrates that this area has been highly dissected during the rifting stage by N-S trending normal faults delineating ridges and basins, as previously described. The Messinian seismic markers (UU and MU) locally display fan-shaped stratal geometries, but the mechanism responsible for such geometries, i.e., salt tectonics or rifting, has yet to be carefully deciphered. We also mapped the spatial distribution of the mobile salt (MU). The highly variable thickness of the confined salt basins may be related to the initial pre-Messinian basin geometry or to the fact that sediment deposition was syn-rift. Southeastward, salt tectonics appears highly vigorous. More surprisingly, our data demonstrate that some of the major faults have been significantly reactivated during the post-rift period, up to late Quaternary time. Such recent fault activity has been recorded by bathymetric scarps and associated footwall debris flows. Moreover, some of this post-rift deformation can be evidenced within the Plio-Quaternary sequence by a regional unconformity. The post-Miocene deformation style varies greatly between different areas of the margin, and can also be strongly influenced by the presence or absence of mobile Messinian evaporites (MU).
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Communication dans un congrès
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https://hal-brgm.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00657310
Contributeur : Isabelle Thinon <>
Soumis le : vendredi 6 janvier 2012 - 11:58:08
Dernière modification le : jeudi 25 juin 2020 - 12:46:04

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  • HAL Id : hal-00657310, version 1

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Virginie Gaullier, Frank Chanier, Gaël Lymer, Agnès Maillard, Françoise Sage, et al.. Salt tectonics and crustal tectonics along the Eastern Sardinian margin, Western Tyrrhenian: new insights from the "METYSS 1" cruise. 13ème Congrès Français de Sédimentologie, Nov 2011, Dijon, France. ⟨hal-00657310⟩

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