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Communication dans un congrès

Multi-scale heterogeneity of the 2011 Great Tohoku-oki Earthquake from dynamic simulations

Abstract : In order to explain the scaling issues of earthquakes of different sizes, multi-scale heterogeneity conception is necessary to characterize earthquake faulting property (Ide and Aochi, JGR, 2005; Aochi and Ide, JGR, 2009).The 2011 Great Tohoku-oki earthquake (M9) is characterized by a slow initial phase of about M7, a M8 class deep rupture, and a M9 main rupture with quite large slip near the trench (e.g. Ide et al., Science, 2011) as well as the presence of foreshocks. We dynamically model these features based on the multi-scale conception. We suppose a significantly large fracture energy (corresponding to slipweakening distance of 3.2 m) in most of the fault dimension to represent the M9 rupture. However we give local heterogeneity with relatively small circular patches of smaller fracture energy, by assuming the linear scaling relation between the radius and fracture energy. The calculation is carried out using 3D Boundary Integral Equation Method. We first begin only with the mainshock (Aochi and Ide, EPS, 2011), but later we find it important to take into account of a series of foreshocks since the 9th March (M7.4). The smaller patches including the foreshock area are necessary to launch the M9 rupture area of large fracture energy. We then simulate the ground motion in low frequencies using Finite Difference Method. Qualitatively, the observed tendency is consistent with our simulations, in the meaning of the transition from the central part to the southern part in low frequencies (10 - 20 sec). At higher frequencies (1-10 sec), further small asperities are inferred in the observed signals, and this feature matches well with our multi-scale conception.
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Contributeur : Hideo Aochi <>
Soumis le : mardi 29 novembre 2011 - 09:46:43
Dernière modification le : lundi 20 août 2018 - 20:40:02


  • HAL Id : hal-00646041, version 1



Hideo Aochi, Satoshi Ide. Multi-scale heterogeneity of the 2011 Great Tohoku-oki Earthquake from dynamic simulations. AGU Fall Meeting, Dec 2011, San Francisco, United States. ⟨hal-00646041⟩



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