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Adsorption of phenanthrene on activated carbon increases mineralization rate by specific bacteria

Abstract : Bioavailability of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH) in soil is affected by PAH sorption to solid phase. We studied the influence of activated carbon (AC) on phenanthrene (PHE) mineralization by five degrading bacterial strains isolated from contaminated soil. PHE adsorption on AC was important and reduced PHE aqueous concentration up to 90%. PHE degradation was improved in the presence of activated carbon with three of the bacterial strains, named NAH1, MATE3 and MATE7, which produced biofilms, whereas it was not improved with the two other ones, which did not produce biofilms, MATE10 and MATE12. Monitoring PHE distribution during incubation showed that aqueous PHE concentration was significantly higher with the biofilm-producing NAH1 than with MATE10. Bacterial adhesion on AC was also investigated. The precoating of AC with PHE increased NAH1 and MATE3 adhesion to the solid surface (>16 and >13%, respectively). Bacterial properties, such as biofilm production and adhesion to AC capacity seemed to be related to their ability to optimize PHE degradation by improving PHE diffusion and reducing diffusion path length.
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Soumis le : lundi 21 novembre 2011 - 15:50:33
Dernière modification le : lundi 1 juin 2020 - 03:44:03

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Pierre Leglize, Alain Saada, Jacques Berthelin, Corinne Leyval. Adsorption of phenanthrene on activated carbon increases mineralization rate by specific bacteria. Journal of Hazardous Materials, Elsevier, 2008, 151 (2-3), pp.339-347. ⟨10.1016/j.jhazmat.2007.05.089⟩. ⟨hal-00643313⟩

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