B. T. Aagaard, T. M. Brocher, D. Dolenc, D. Dreger, R. W. Graves et al., Ground-Motion Modeling of the 1906 San Francisco Earthquake, Part II: Ground-Motion Estimates for the 1906 Earthquake and Scenario Events, Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America, vol.98, issue.2, pp.1012-1046, 2008.
DOI : 10.1785/0120060410

H. Aochi and R. Madariaga, The 1999 Izmit, Turkey, Earthquake: Nonplanar Fault Structure, Dynamic Rupture Process, and Strong Ground Motion, Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America, vol.93, issue.3, pp.1249-1266, 2003.
DOI : 10.1785/0120020167

S. Aoi, R. Honda, N. Morikawa, H. Sekiguchi, H. Suzuki et al., Three-dimensional finite difference simulation of long-period ground motions for the 2003 Tokachi-oki, Japan, earthquake, Journal of Geophysical Research, vol.59, issue.3???4, 2008.
DOI : 10.1029/2007JB005452

S. Barani, D. Spallarossa, P. Bazzurro, and C. Eva, Sensitivity analysis of seismic hazard for Western Liguria (North Western Italy): A first attempt towards the understanding and quantification of hazard uncertainty, Tectonophysics, vol.435, issue.1-4, pp.13-35, 2007.
DOI : 10.1016/j.tecto.2007.02.008

E. Baroux, N. Béthoux, and O. Bellier, Analyses of the stress field in southeastern France from earthquake focal mechanisms, Geophysical Journal International, vol.145, issue.2, pp.336-348, 2001.
DOI : 10.1046/j.1365-246x.2001.01362.x

E. Bertrand and A. Deschamps, Lithospheric structure of the southern French Alps inferred from broadband analysis, Physics of the Earth and Planetary Interiors, vol.122, issue.1-2, pp.79-102, 2000.
DOI : 10.1016/S0031-9201(00)00188-6

N. Béthoux, J. Fréchet, F. Guyoton, F. Thouvenot, M. Cattaneo et al., A closing Ligurian Sea?, Pure and Applied Geophysics PAGEOPH, vol.310, issue.2, pp.179-194, 1992.
DOI : 10.1007/BF00876326

F. Bigot-cormier, La surrection du massif cristallin externe de l'Argentera (France-Italie) et ses relations avec la déformation Pliocène de la marge nord-ligure, 2002.

J. J. Bommer and J. E. Alarcon, THE PREDICTION AND USE OF PEAK GROUND VELOCITY, Journal of Earthquake Engineering, vol.65, issue.1, pp.1-31, 2006.
DOI : 10.1061/(ASCE)0733-9445(1988)114:5(1019)

G. Capponi, M. Cattaneo, and F. Merlanti, The Ligurian earthquake of February 23, 1887 Atlas of Isoseismal Maps of Italian Earthquakes, pp.100-103, 1985.

M. T. Carrozzo, D. Visentini, G. Giorgetti, F. Iaccarino, and E. , General Catalogue of Italian Earthquakes, 1973.

S. M. Day and C. R. Bradley, Memory-Efficient Simulation of Anelastic Wave Propagation, Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America, vol.91, issue.3, pp.520-531, 2001.
DOI : 10.1785/0120000103

A. Ducellier and H. Aochi, Implementing a Convolutional Perfectly Matched Layer in a finite-difference code for the simulation of seismic wave propagation in a 3D elastic medium, 2007.

F. Dupros, H. Aochi, A. Ducellier, D. Komatitsch, and J. Roman, Exploiting Intensive Multithreading for the Efficient Simulation of 3D Seismic Wave Propagation, 2008 11th IEEE International Conference on Computational Science and Engineering, pp.253-260, 2008.
DOI : 10.1109/CSE.2008.51

URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01020574

F. Dupros, A. Ducellier, H. Aochi, D. Komatisch, and J. Roman, Three-dimensional parallel finite-difference modeling of seismic wave propagation on multicore architectures: Application to Nice, France, urban area, Proceedings of the 9th International Conference on Mathematical and Numerical Aspects of Waves Propagation ? Waves 09, 2009.

C. Eva and A. B. Rabinovich, The February 23, 1887 tsunami recorded on the Ligurian Coast, western Mediterranean, Geophysical Research Letters, vol.8, issue.pt.IV, pp.2211-2214, 1997.
DOI : 10.1029/97GL02110

G. Ferrari, The 1887 Ligurian earthquake: a detailed study from contemporary scientific observations, Tectonophysics, vol.193, issue.1-3, pp.131-139, 1991.
DOI : 10.1016/0040-1951(91)90194-W

M. Frisenda, R. Madariaga, M. Chavez, and C. Eva, Numerical modeling of the ground motion produced by the 1887 offshore Western Liguria earthquake, Proceedings of EGU General Assembly, 2005.

M. Frisenda and R. Madariaga, Modellazione numerica 3D di terremoti localizzati in mare: Risultati preliminary, GNGTS, Atti del 23° Convegno Nazionale, 2004.

T. Furumura and L. Chen, Parallel simulation of strong ground motions during recent and historical damaging earthquakes in Tokyo, Japan, Parallel Computing, vol.31, issue.2, pp.149-165, 2005.
DOI : 10.1016/j.parco.2005.02.003

T. Furumura, B. L. Kennet, and K. Koketsu, Visualization of 3D Wave Propagation from the 2000 Tottori-ken Seibu, Japan, Earthquake: Observation and Numerical Simulation, Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America, vol.93, issue.2, pp.870-881, 2003.
DOI : 10.1785/0120020160

T. Furumura and T. Saito, An integrated simulation of ground motion and tsunami for the 1944 Tonankai earthquake using high-performance super computers, Journal of Disaster Research, vol.4, issue.2, pp.118-126, 2009.

R. W. Graves, Simulating seismic wave propagation in 3D elastic media using staggered-grid finite differences, Bull. Seism. Soc. Am, vol.86, issue.4, pp.1091-1106, 1996.

K. Irikura and H. Miyake, Recipe for Predicting Strong Ground Motion from Crustal Earthquake Scenarios, Pure and Applied Geophysics, vol.168, issue.1-2, pp.85-104, 2011.
DOI : 10.1007/s00024-010-0150-9

D. Komatitsch, Q. Liu, J. Tromp, P. Süss, C. Stidham et al., Simulations of Ground Motion in the Los Angeles Basin Based upon the Spectral-Element Method, Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America, vol.94, issue.1, pp.187-206, 2004.
DOI : 10.1785/0120030077

URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00669055

D. Komatitsch and R. Martin, An unsplit convolutional perfectly matched layer improved at grazing incidence for the seismic wave equation, GEOPHYSICS, vol.72, issue.5, pp.155-167, 2007.
DOI : 10.1190/1.2757586

URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/inria-00528418

J. Kristek and P. Moczo, Seismic-Wave Propagation in Viscoelastic Media with Material Discontinuities: A 3D Fourth-Order Staggered-Grid Finite-Difference Modeling, Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America, vol.93, issue.5, pp.2273-2280, 2003.
DOI : 10.1785/0120030023

A. R. Levander, seismograms, GEOPHYSICS, vol.53, issue.11, pp.1425-1436, 1988.
DOI : 10.1190/1.1442422

R. Madariaga, Dynamics of an expanding circular fault, Bull. Seism. Soc. Am, vol.65, pp.163-182, 1976.

H. Miyake, T. Iwata, and K. Irikura, Source Characterization for Broadband Ground-Motion Simulation: Kinematic Heterogeneous Source Model and Strong Motion Generation Area, Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America, vol.93, issue.6, pp.2531-2545, 2003.
DOI : 10.1785/0120020183

J. Miyakoshi, Y. Hayashi, K. Tamura, and N. Fukawa, Damage ratio functions for buildings using damage data of the Hyogoken Nanbu earthquake, proceeding of the 7 th International Conf. on Structural Safety and Reliability (ICOSSAR'97), pp.349-362, 1998.

P. Mouroux, L. Brun, and B. , Presentation of RISK-UE Project, Bulletin of Earthquake Engineering, vol.6, issue.4, pp.323-339, 2006.
DOI : 10.1007/s10518-006-9020-3

K. B. Olsen, Simulation of three-dimensional wave propagation in the Salt Lake Basin, Thèse de Doctorat, 1994.

K. B. Olsen, R. Madariaga, and R. J. Archuleta, Three-Dimensional Dynamic Simulation of the 1992 Landers Earthquake, Science, vol.278, issue.5339, pp.834-838, 1997.
DOI : 10.1126/science.278.5339.834

E. Pelinovsky, C. Kharif, I. Riabov, and M. Francius, Modelling of tsunami propagation in the vicinity of the French coast of the Mediterranean, Natural Hazards, vol.25, issue.2, pp.135-159, 2002.
DOI : 10.1023/A:1013721313222

URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00166441

E. H. Saenger, N. Gold, and S. A. Shapiro, Modeling the propagation of elastic waves using a modified finite-difference grid, Wave Motion, vol.31, issue.1, pp.77-92, 2000.
DOI : 10.1016/S0165-2125(99)00023-2

J. Salichon, C. Kohrs-sansorny, E. Bertrand, and F. Courboulex, Earthquake scenario in the city of Nice (South-East France): Ground motion simulations, J. Seismology, pp.1383-4649, 2010.

M. Terrier, Identification et classification des failles actives de la région Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur ? Phase 2 : Analyse et synthèse des connaissances actuelles sous la forme de fiches descriptives des failles, 2004.

M. D. Trifunac and A. G. Brady, Correlations of peak acceleration, velocity and displacement with earthquake magnitude, distance and site conditions, Earthquake Engineering & Structural Dynamics, vol.65, issue.5, pp.455-471, 1976.
DOI : 10.1002/eqe.4290040504

J. Virieux, wave propagation in heterogeneous media: Velocity???stress finite???difference method, GEOPHYSICS, vol.51, issue.4, pp.889-901, 1986.
DOI : 10.1190/1.1442147

D. J. Wald, V. Quitoriano, T. H. Heaton, and H. Kanamori, Relationships between Peak Ground Acceleration, Peak Ground Velocity, and Modified Mercalli Intensity in California, Earthquake Spectra, vol.15, issue.3, pp.557-564, 1999.
DOI : 10.1193/1.1586058

W. Zhang, Y. Shen, and X. F. Chen, Numerical simulation of strong ground motion for the M s8.0 Wenchuan earthquake of 12 May 2008, Science in China Series D: Earth Sciences, vol.50, issue.B1, pp.1673-1682, 2008.
DOI : 10.1007/s11430-008-0130-4