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AsIII oxidation by Thiomonas arsenivorans in up-flow fixed-bed reactors coupled to As sequestration onto zero-valent iron-coated sand

Abstract : The combined processes of biological As-III oxidation and removal of As-III and As-V by zero-valent iron were investigated with synthetic water containing high As-III concentration (10 mg L-1). Two up-flow fixed-bed reactors (R1 and R2) were filled with 2 L of sieved sand (d = 3 +/- 1 mu m) while zero-valent iron powder (d = 76 mu m; 1% (w/w) of sand) was mixed evenly with sand in R2. Thiomonas arsenivorans was inoculated in the two reactors. The pilot unit was studied for 33 days, with HRT of 4 and 1 h. The maximal As-III oxidation rate was 8.36 mg h(-1) L-1 in R1 and about 45% of total As was removed in R2 for an HRT of 1 h. A first order model fitted well with the As-III concentration evolution at the different levels in R1. At the end of the pilot monitoring, batch tests were conducted with support collected at different levels in R1. They showed that bacterial As-III oxidation rate was correlated with the axial length of reactor, which could be explained by biomass distribution in reactor or by bacterial activity. In opposition, As-III oxidation rate was not stable in R2 due to the simultaneous bacterial As-III oxidation and chemical removal by zero-valent iron and its oxidant products. However, a durable removal of total As was realized and zero-valent iron was not saturated by As over 33 days in R2. Furthermore, the influence of zero-valent iron and its oxidant corrosion products on the evolution of As-III-oxidizing bacteria diversity was highlighted by the molecular fingerprinting method of PCR-DGGE using aoxB gene as a functional marker of aerobic As-III oxidizers.
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https://hal-brgm.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00558718
Contributeur : Cécile Isambert <>
Soumis le : lundi 24 janvier 2011 - 09:06:58
Dernière modification le : vendredi 29 mai 2020 - 09:12:01

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Junfeng Wan, Jonathan Klein, Stéphane Simon, Catherine Joulian, Marie Christine Dictor, et al.. AsIII oxidation by Thiomonas arsenivorans in up-flow fixed-bed reactors coupled to As sequestration onto zero-valent iron-coated sand. Water Research, IWA Publishing, 2010, 44 (17), pp.5098-5108. ⟨10.1016/j.watres.2010.08.044⟩. ⟨hal-00558718⟩

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