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Numerical Simulations of the Thermal Impact of Supercritical CO2 Injection on Chemical Reactivity in a Carbonate Saline Reservoir

Abstract : Geological sequestration of CO2 offers a promising solution for reducing net emissions of greenhouse gases into the atmosphere. This emerging technology must make it possible to inject CO2 into deep saline aquifers or oil- and gas-depleted reservoirs in the supercritical state (P > 7.4MPa and T > 31.1◦C) to achieve a higher density and therefore occupy less volume underground. Previous experimental and numerical simulations have demonstrated that massive CO2 injection in saline reservoirs causes a major disequilibrium of the physical and geochemical characteristics of the host aquifer. The near-well injection zone seems to constitute an underground hydrogeological system particularly impacted by supercriticalCO2 injection and themost sensitive area, where chemical phenomena (e.g. mineral dissolution/precipitation) can have a major impact on the porosity and permeability. Furthermore, these phenomena are highly sensitive to temperature. This study, based on numerical multi-phase simulations, investigates thermal effects during CO2 injection into a deep carbonate formation. Different thermal processes and their influence on the chemical and mineral reactivity of the saline reservoir are discussed. This study underlines both the minor effects of intrinsic thermal and thermodynamic processes on mineral reactivity in carbonate aquifers, and the influence of anthropic thermal processes (e.g. injection temperature) on the carbonates' behaviour
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Laurent André, Mohamed Azaroual, André Menjoz. Numerical Simulations of the Thermal Impact of Supercritical CO2 Injection on Chemical Reactivity in a Carbonate Saline Reservoir. Transport in Porous Media, Springer Verlag, 2010, 82 (1), p. 247-274. ⟨10.1007/s11242-009-9474-2⟩. ⟨hal-00546961⟩

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